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The first aim of this pilot study was to determine if longitudinal change in caudate volume could be detected in chronic schizophrenic patients after 12 weeks of atypical antipsychotic treatment. A sub-aim of the first aim was to determine if similar results could be obtained from an operator-assisted segmentation tool for volumetric imaging (ITK-SNAP) and(More)
BACKGROUND Papers retracted for fraud (data fabrication or data falsification) may represent a deliberate effort to deceive, a motivation fundamentally different from papers retracted for error. It is hypothesised that fraudulent authors target journals with a high impact factor (IF), have other fraudulent publications, diffuse responsibility across many(More)
We tested a hypothesis that children with sickle cell disease who are completely normal by magnetic resonance imaging can still be cognitively impaired, as predicted by a model of diffuse brain injury. Fifty-four patients with hemoglobin SS (average age 10.9 years +/- 2.9 years SD) were examined with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of people with schizophrenia assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) usually include patients with first-episode and chronic disease, yet brain abnormalities may be limited to those with chronic schizophrenia. AIMS To determine whether patients with a first episode of schizophrenia have characteristic brain abnormalities. (More)
A systematic review of the literature identified 64 published English-language papers that used proton (1H) magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concurrently in healthy controls and in patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (SZ). A total of 1209 controls and 1256 patients have been evaluated, with 88% of studies carried out(More)
BACKGROUND The number of retracted scientific publications has risen sharply, but it is unclear whether this reflects an increase in publication of flawed articles or an increase in the rate at which flawed articles are withdrawn. METHODS AND FINDINGS We examined the interval between publication and retraction for 2,047 retracted articles indexed in(More)
A new scale, the GBS-scale, is constructed for rating dementia syndromes. The scale is divided into four subscales measuring motor, intellectual and emotional functions and different symptoms characteristic for dementia. The scale can be used by physicians, psychologists and registered nurses. The reliability of the scale is tested by rating 100 patients in(More)
Young children with sickle cell disease are at risk of brain damage, including stroke. We tested the hypothesis that such patients are also at risk of cognitive impairment. We characterized the cognitive ability of kindergarten children to minimize the effect of disease-related school absence. The Memphis City Schools use the Developing Skills Checklist, a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The most abundant metabolite visible by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in human brain is N-acetylaspartate (NAA), which is often used as a marker of viable neurons. NAA is anecdotally reported to be elevated in children with sickle cell disease (SCD), even though patients can have brain injury or atrophy. We measured NAA(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Children with hemoglobin SS sickle cell disease are known to suffer cognitive impairment if they have silent infarct, but recent evidence suggests that patients with hemoglobin SS sickle cell disease may be impaired even if they are free of infarction. We test a hypothesis that cognitive impairment in children with hemoglobin SS(More)