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Telomeres, the nucleoprotein complexes at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes, are essential for chromosome stability. In the yeast S. cerevisiae, telomeric DNA is bound in a sequence-specific manner by RAP1, a multifunctional protein also involved in transcriptional regulation. Here we report the crystal structure of the DNA-binding domain of RAP1 in(More)
The protein RAP1 is essential for the maintenance of the telomeres of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and binds in vitro to multiple sites found within the TG1-3 telomeric repeats. We show here that, in addition to its known binding activity for double-stranded DNA, RAP1 binds sequence-specifically to the GT-strands. This indicates that RAP1 is the protein that(More)
An essential feature of bacterial plasmids is their ability to replicate as autonomous genetic elements in a controlled way within the host. Therefore, they can be used to explore the mechanisms involved in DNA replication and to analyze the different strategies that couple DNA replication to other critical events in the cell cycle. In this review, we focus(More)
Repressor-activator protein 1 (RAP1) has an essential role in the maintenance of yeast telomeres. Yeast telomeric DNA consists of simple repeated G-rich sequences that are bound by RAP1. We have found that RAP1, in addition to its known binding activity for double-stranded DNA, interacts with the G-rich strand containing guanine base (G)-tetrads. We show(More)
Although DNA replication is the universal process for the transmission of genetic information in all living organisms, until very recently evidence was lacking for a related structure and function in the proteins (initiators) that trigger replication in the three 'Life Domains' (Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya). In this article new data concerning the(More)
The sequence of a 1823 base-pair region containing the replication functions of pPS10, a narrow host-range plasmid isolated from a strain of Pseudomonas savastanoi, is reported. The origin of replication, oriV, or pPS10 is contained in a 535 base-pair fragment of this sequence that can replicate in the presence of trans-acting function(s) of the plasmid.(More)
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis of importance in Latin America. Because of its polymorphic manifestations, it is not always suspected and patients are sometimes misdiagnosed. Case histories of patients with paracoccidioidomycosis are presented in order to illustrate its various manifestations, with emphasis on the primary pulmonary localization.
Repressor Activator Protein 1 (RAP1) is an essential nuclear protein of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae that recognizes a 13 base-pair (bp) consensus sequence found in numerous upstream activating sequences, at the silencers of transcriptionally repressed mating-type genes, and in telomeric tracts, called (C1-3 A) repeats. RAP1 has been shown to(More)
RepA is the DNA replication initiator protein of the Pseudomonas plasmid pPS10. RepA has a dual function: as a dimer, it binds to an inversely-repeated sequence acting as a repressor of its own synthesis; as a monomer, RepA binds to four directly-repeated sequences to constitute a specialized nucleoprotein complex responsible for the initiation of DNA(More)
This review focuses on the contributions of the Pseudomonas replicon pPS10 to understanding the initiation of DNA replication in iteron-containing plasmids from Gram-negative bacteria. Dimers of the pPS10 initiator protein (RepA) repress repA transcription by binding to the two halves of an inverted repeat operator. RepA monomers are the active initiator(More)