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Recent measurements of stellar orbits provide compelling evidence that the compact radio source Sagittarius A* (refs 4, 5) at the Galactic Centre is a 3.6-million-solar-mass black hole. Sgr A* is remarkably faint in all wavebands other than the radio region, however, which challenges current theories of matter accretion and radiation surrounding black(More)
We report new astrometric and spectroscopic observations of the star S2 orbiting the massive black hole in the Galactic Center, which were taken at the ESO VLT with the adaptive optics assisted, near-IR camera NAOS/CONICA and the near-IR integral field spectrometer SPIFFI. We use these data to determine all orbital parameters of the star with high(More)
With 10 years of high-resolution imaging data now available on the stellar cluster in the Galactic Center, we present proper motions for >40 stars at projected distances ≤ 1.2 ′′ from Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*). We find evidence on a ≥ 2σ level for radial anisotropy of the cluster of stars within 1 ′′ of Sgr A*. For a brightness limit of K ∼ 15.5 we find no(More)
We report a new analysis of the stellar dynamics in the Galactic centre, based on improved sky and line-of-sight velocities for more than one hundred stars in the central few arcseconds from the black hole candidate SgrA*. The main results are: • Overall the stellar motions do not deviate strongly from isotropy. For those 32 stars with a determination of(More)
We analyze deep near-IR adaptive optics imaging (taken with NAOS/CONICA on the VLT) 1 as well as new proper motion data of the nuclear star cluster of the Milky Way. The surface density distribution of faint (H≤ 20, K s ≤ 19) stars peaks within 0.2 ′′ of the black hole candidate SgrA ⋆. The radial density distribution of this stellar 'cusp' follows a power(More)
The SHARP/NTT stellar proper motion data now cover an interval from 1992 to 2000 and allow us to determine orbital accelerations for some of the most central stars. We confirm the stellar acceleration measurements obtained by Ghez et al. (2000) with NIRC at the Keck telescope. Our analysis differs in 3 main points from that of Ghez et al.: 1) We combine the(More)
We present H integral field spectroscopy of well-resolved, UV/optically selected z $ 2 star-forming galaxies as part of the SINS survey with SINFONI on the ESO VLT. Our laser guide star adaptive optics and good seeing data show the presence of turbulent rotating star-forming outer rings/disks, plus central bulge/inner disk components, whose mass fractions(More)
We report on the discovery of a double nucleus in M 83, based on measurements of the line of sight velocity distribution of stars observed at near infrared wavelengths with the VLT ISAAC spectrograph. We observe two peaks separated by 2. 7 in the velocity dispersion profile of light from late-type stars measured along a slit 0. 6 wide, centered on the peak(More)
Many galaxies are thought to have supermassive black holes at their centres-more than a million times the mass of the Sun. Measurements of stellar velocities and the discovery of variable X-ray emission have provided strong evidence in favour of such a black hole at the centre of the Milky Way, but have hitherto been unable to rule out conclusively the(More)
We present the Spectroscopic Imaging survey in the Near-infrared with SINFONI (SINS) of high redshift galaxies. With 80 objects observed and 63 detected in at least one rest-frame optical nebular emission line, mainly Hα, SINS represents the largest survey of spatially-resolved gas kinematics, morphologies, and physical properties of star-forming galaxies(More)