R. G. Ridley

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Malarial parasites growing inside erythrocytes digest up to 80% of the host cell's haemoglobin within a lysosomal organelle, the digestive vacuole. They sequester the potentially toxic haem (Fe (II) protohaematoporphyrin) that is released during this process into an insoluble pigment called haemozoin, which consists of polymerized Fe (III)(More)
Exp-1 is an antigen of Plasmodium falciparum which is transported from the parasite cell to the membrane of the parasitophorous vacuole and to membranous compartments in the erythrocyte. To investigate how this protein is transported, we studied the synthesis and membrane translocation of exp-1 in a cell-free system. The protein was translocated into canine(More)
The saturable uptake of chloroquine by parasites of Plasmodium falciparum has been attributed to specific carrier-mediated transport of chloroquine. It is suggested that chloroquine is transported in exchange for protons by the parasite membrane Na+/H+ exchanger [J Biol Chem 272:2652-2658 (1997)]. Once inside the parasite, it is proposed that chloroquine(More)
Two aspartic proteinases, plasmepsins I and II, are present in the digestive vacuole of the human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum and are believed to be essential for parasite degradation of haemoglobin. Here we report the expression and kinetic characterisation of functional recombinant plasmepsin I. In order to generate active plasmepsin I from(More)
Floxacrine was a promising antimalarial compound that led to the identification of WR 243251. On the basis of their structures, we suspected that these compounds might be good inhibitors of hematin polymerization. Indeed, WR 243251 was as potent and floxacrine was only 2-fold less potent than chloroquine as inhibitors of this process. However, this hematin(More)
We have used a specific inhibitor of the malarial aspartic proteinase plasmepsin I and a nonspecific cysteine proteinase inhibitor to investigate the importance of hemoglobin degradation in the mechanism of action of chloroquine, amodiaquine, quinine, mefloquine (MQ), halofantrine, and primaquine. Both proteinase inhibitors antagonized the antiparasitic(More)
We compared several methods for producing haematin polymerisation at physiological temperatures (i.e., 37 degrees) and found that a trophozoite lysate-mediated reaction was inappropriate for measuring compound inhibition of haematin polymerisation. Using this method, we obtained significantly higher IC50 values (concentration inhibiting haematin(More)
Hematin polymerization is a parasite-specific process that enables the detoxification of heme following its release in the lysosomal digestive vacuole during hemoglobin degradation, and represents both an essential and a unique pharmacological drug target. We have developed a high-throughput in vitro microassay of hematin polymerization based on the(More)
The iron chelator deferoxamine enhances the clearance of Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia and may be useful in drug combinations for the treatment of cerebral malaria. However, the deferoxamine-chloroquine drug combination is antagonistic, or at best additive, against P. falciparum in vitro. As chloroquine is thought to exert its antimalarial activity by(More)