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Since most archaea are extremophilic and difficult to cultivate, our current knowledge of their biology is confined largely to comparative genomics and biochemistry. Haloferax volcanii offers great promise as a model organism for archaeal genetics, but until now there has been a lack of a wide variety of selectable markers for this organism. We describe(More)
A mutation that causes a temperature-sensitive RecA(-) phenotype was identified in a derivative of a PolA(-) strain that failed to grow at high temperature. The mutant allele (recA200) was shown to be linked to cysC, conferred a sharply temperature-sensitive, ultraviolet-sensitive Rec(-) phenotype in the range 35 to 42 C, and in crosses failed to show(More)
ruvC mutants of Escherichia coli appear to lack an activity that resolves Holliday intermediates into recombinant products. Yet, these strains produce close to normal numbers of recombinants in genetic crosses. This recombination proficiency was found to be a function of recG. A "mini-kan" insertion in recG was introduced into ruvA, ruvB, and ruvC strains.(More)
The ruvA, ruvB, and ruvC genes of Escherichia coli provide activities that catalyze branch migration and resolution of Holliday junction intermediates in recombination. Mutation of any one of these genes interferes with recombination and reduces the ability of the cell to repair damage to DNA. A suppressor of ruv mutations was identified on the basis of its(More)
The RecG protein of Escherichia coli is a structure-specific DNA helicase that targets strand exchange intermediates in genetic recombination and drives their branch migration along the DNA. Strains carrying null mutations in recG show reduced recombination and DNA repair. Suppressors of this phenotype, called srgA, were located close to metB and shown to(More)
Chromosome duplication normally initiates through the assembly of replication fork complexes at defined origins. DNA synthesis by any one fork is thought to cease when it meets another travelling in the opposite direction, at which stage the replication machinery may simply dissociate before the nascent strands are finally ligated. But what actually happens(More)
The Escherichia coli DNA binding protein RuvA acts in concert with the helicase RuvB to drive branch migration of Holliday intermediates during recombination and DNA repair. The atomic structure of RuvA was determined at a resolution of 1.9 angstroms. Four monomers of RuvA are related by fourfold symmetry in a manner reminiscent of a four-petaled flower.(More)
Double-strand breaks pose a major threat to the genome and must be repaired accurately if structural and functional integrity are to be preserved. This is usually achieved via homologous recombination, which enables the ends of a broken DNA molecule to engage an intact duplex and prime synthesis of the DNA needed for repair. In Escherichia coli, repair(More)
Faithful duplication of the genome relies on the ability to cope with an imperfect template. We investigated replication of UV-damaged DNA in Escherichia coli and found that ongoing replication stops for at least 15-20 min before resuming. Undamaged origins of replication (oriC) continue to fire at the normal rate and in a DnaA-dependent manner. UV(More)
The RuvA and RuvB proteins of Escherichia coli play important roles in the post-replicational repair of damaged DNA, genetic recombination and cell division. In this paper, we describe the construction of over expression vectors for RuvA and RuvB and detail simple purification schemes for each protein. The purified 22 kDa RuvA polypeptide forms a tetrameric(More)