R G Daniloff

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An aerodynamic investigation of the occurrence of intrusive stop consonants occurring in nasal-fricative consonant clusters in English revealed that intrusive stops were cued perceptually by silent gaps often followed by burst releases preceding the fricative consonant. In articulatory-aerodynamic terms, intrusive stops appear to result from a prolonged(More)
In this study, 22 children, ages 6:0 to 6:11, who misarticulated word-initial [r] as [w], were compared to 13, age-matched normally articulating children for their ability to identify and discriminate seven synthetic stimuli representing an acoustic continuum between [we] and [re]. Discrimination was tested among 3-step continuum stimulus pairs using the(More)
The speech of a five-year-old boy who suffered a profound hearing loss following meningitis was sampled at two-week intervals for nine months. Speech samples were subjected to phonetic transcription, spectrographic analysis, and intelligibility testing. Immediately post-trauma, the child displayed slightly slower, F0 elevated, acoustically intense speech in(More)
The /s/ production of six /s/-defective children and two normal controls were subjected to spectrographic analysis. Articulatorily, two of the children were dentalizers, two had lateral emission of friction, and two were of an "other" type. Results show for normals an /s/ spectrum which is compact (5-11 kHz), powerful, and dominated by strong, sharp(More)
Auditory sensitivity and processing ability were evaluated in a patient who suffered from hyperacusis, difficulty understanding speech, withdrawn depression, lethargy, and hypersensitivity to touch, pressure, and light. Treatment with fluvoxamine and fluoxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) reversibly alleviated complaints. Testing while(More)
Mandibular displacement during /s/ production was monitored via a mercury strain gauge which was taped to the face of two normally articulating and six /s/-misarticulating children. Simultaneous audio and jaw displacement visicorder traces were produced from an FM-tape recording of each experimental session, and were subsequently analyzed. Results indicated(More)
Two studies involving judgments of /s/ misarticulation are described. The first involved simultaneous audio and video recordings of three clinically different /s/ misarticulating children. Their recorded /s/ productions, embedded in 54 sentences with varying phonetic contexts, were judged on an acceptable/unacceptable/questionable basis. There was a large(More)
Thirty-four normal 4th grade children were asked to nonverbally describe tongue positions for American vowels in terms of tongue height and tongue advancement. The same children then rated all pairs of vowels in terms of perceptual-similarity. Results indicate that children are unable to provide an articulatory description of vowels in terms of conventional(More)