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By fractionation using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and/or a preparative hybrid selection method employing solid-phase DNA probes, we prepared and characterized mitochondrial tRNAs from the body wall muscle of Ascaris suum, all of which are thought to lack either the T stem or the D stem from their gene sequences (Okimoto, R., and Wolstenholme, D. R.(More)
Complex II in adult mitochondria of the parasitic nematode, Ascaris suum, exhibits high fumarate reductase activity and plays a key role in the anaerobic electron-transport observed in these organelles. In the present study, cDNAs for the flavoprotein (Fp) subunits of complex II have been isolated, cloned and sequenced from both A. suum and the aerobic,(More)
Complex II of the anaerobic respiratory chain in Ascaris muscle mitochondria showed a high fumarate reductase activity when reduced methyl viologen was used as the electron donor. The maximum activity was 49 mumol/min per mg protein, which is much higher than that of the mammalian counterpart. The mitochondria of Ascaris-fertilized eggs, which require(More)
A survey of the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was carried out in Oitis, a small community in the State of Piaui, Brazil. Two hundred and sixty five individuals were screened by microscopic examination, hemoculture, indirect immunofluorescence (IFA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)
Complex II of Ascaris suum mitochondria, which functions as fumarate reductase in physiological conditions, contains three types of iron-sulfur clusters. These correspond to clusters S-1, S-2 and S-3 and are distinguishable by low-temperature ESR studies. Cluster S-1 is reduced by succinate, giving ESR signals with gz, gy and gx values at 2.033, 1.939 and(More)
An NADH-cytochrome c reductase (complex I-III) was isolated from Ascaris suum muscle mitochondria. The enzyme preparation catalyzed the reduction of 1.68 mumol cytochrome c min-1 mg-1 protein at 25 degrees C with NADH but not with NADPH, and retained its sensitivity to rotenone, piericidin A and 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide as with the(More)
Oxidation-reduction midpoint potentials (Ems) were determined at pH 7.0 for cytochromes in the anaerobic respiratory chain of Ascaris mitochondria by redox titration techniques. Cytochrome b558, which is associated with complex II that functions as fumarate reductase in the terminal step of the respiratory chain, was shown to have an Em of -34 mV in the(More)
The effects of tetragalloylglucose (1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose) on purified complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase) of the mitochondrial electron transport system of Ascaris muscle were studied. Both succinate-ubiquinone-1 (Q1) oxidoreductase, and succinate dehydrogenase measured with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-(More)
The flavoprotein (Fp) subunit of mitochondrial complex II contains covalently bound FAD as a prosthetic group. In this study, the primary structure of the flavin-bound tryptic peptide from the Fp subunit of Ascaris complex II was determined and found to be highly similar to those of the corresponding flavin-binding regions of bovine heart and bacterial Fp(More)
A succinate-coenzyme Q reductase (complex II) was isolated in highly purified form from Ascaris muscle mitochondria by detergent solubilization, ammonium sulfate fractionation and gel filtration on a Sephadex G-200 column. The enzyme preparation catalyzes electron transfer from succinate to coenzyme Q1 with a specific activity of 1.2 mumol coenzyme Q1(More)