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PURPOSE Mutations within the KRAS proto-oncogene have predictive value but are of uncertain prognostic value in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. We took advantage of PETACC-3, an adjuvant trial with 3,278 patients with stage II to III colon cancer, to evaluate the prognostic value of KRAS and BRAF tumor mutation status in this setting. (More)
PURPOSE To determine the potential efficacy of radio-frequency (RF) ablation of liver metastases during long-term follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen patients with 31 hepatic metastases were treated with percutaneous, ultrasound-guided RF ablation. RF was applied to monopolar electrodes (2-3-cm tip exposure) either individually or within a multiprobe(More)
CONTEXT Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic, relapsing disease with symptoms that have negative effects on daily life. Two treatment options are long-term medication or surgery. OBJECTIVE To evaluate optimized esomeprazole therapy vs standardized laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) in patients with GERD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
We report four cases of gastric argyrophil carcinoidosis arising in the oxyntic mucosa of patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome as part of type 1 multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndrome. Multiple mucosal and submucosal carcinoids were seen in combination with innumerable hyperplastic and dysplastic growths of argyrophil endocrine cells disseminated(More)
We screened for p53 alterations in 71 early gastric cancers of differing histological types and growth patterns, 18 advanced cancers of diffuse type, 19 dysplastic lesions, and 12 extensive intestinal metaplasia cases. Tumors were investigated for gene mutations (exons 5-8) with PCR-based denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and sequencing techniques,(More)
Gastrectomy specimens of 148 gastric cancers, 40 of them being intramucosal or microinvasive, 27 penetrating the submucosa and 81 invading the muscularis propria, with or without involvement of the serosa and perigastric tissues, have been investigated with conventional histopathologic techniques, mucin histochemistry and electron microscopy to characterize(More)
Unspecific binding of immunoglobulins to gastrin G cells, glucagon A cells and somatostatin D cells of the gastric mucosa or pancreas, as well as to the calcitonin-somatostatin cells of rabbit thyroid has been found to occur through a non antigen-antibody mechanism mediated at least in part by the C1q fraction of complement. The phenomenon represents a(More)
BACKGROUND With the introduction of laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) along with the increasing efficacy of modern medical treatment, a direct comparison is warranted. The 3-year interim results of a randomised study comparing both the efficacy and safety of LARS and esomeprazole (ESO) are reported. (More)
OBJECTIVE Existing endoscopy-based data on gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in the general population are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate typical symptoms and complications of GORD, and their associated risk factors, in a representative sample of the Italian population. METHODS 1533 adults from two Italian villages were approached to undergo(More)
To date, it has been difficult to compare medical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease with that of surgical management from a scientific viewpoint, mainly because of the lack of standardization of the operative technique. This study was designed to identify a methodology for standardization of surgical technique and to measure the effectiveness of(More)