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We consider a general partitioning problem, namely, how to partition the elements of a circuit into sets of size less than a small constant, so that the number of nets which connect elements in different sets is minimized. One application is in the design for testability of VLSI chips and printed circuit boards [7, 8]. We consider two different versions of(More)
Switching power amplifiers offer the potential for superior efficiencies if used at radio frequencies. However many existing bandpass architectures require a switching frequency four times that of the signal, making implementation difficult. In this paper we propose to use a high-pass sigma-delta modulator to reduce the switching rate to only twice of the(More)
This paper presents a wideband voltage controlled oscillator topology based on an active inductor generating negative resistance. The proposed architecture covers a frequency band between 1.325 GHz - 2.15 GHz with average in-band phase noise of -86 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset from the carrier frequency. Power consumption of the oscillator core is 28 mW from a(More)
The Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys (DGGS) has designed a Quaternary fault and fold database for Alaska in conformance with standards defined by the U.S. Geological Survey for the National Quaternary Fault and Fold Database. Alaska is the most seismically active region of the United States; however, little information exists on the(More)
This paper presents a methodology to minimize mismatch errors in time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters (ADC) by means of averaging multiple channels. A simple algorithm improving both spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) and signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SINAD) is demonstrated. The presented technique provides robustness against inaccurately(More)
Functional testing of radio frequency integrated circuits is a challenging task and one that is becoming an increasingly expensive aspect of circuit manufacture. Due to the difficulties with bringing high frequency signals off-chip, current automated test equipment (ATE) technologies are approaching the limits of their operating capabilities as circuits are(More)
  • R. Farrell
  • 2007
Switching amplifiers using sigma-delta modulators have proven to be highly efficient but require high switching speeds. Implementing complete digital systems at the switching speed has prevented their use in higher speed applications. In this paper we propose a methodology for the parallelisation of sigma-delta modulators allowing for the partition of the(More)
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