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We investigated the influence of two structurally unrelated inhibitors of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases, Ro 31-4724 and Ro 31-7467, on the primary proliferation of smooth-muscle cells from rabbit aortic explants. Both agents inhibited proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner, but did not affect cell viability. Smooth-muscle cells grown out(More)
A rapid (less than 2h) method is described for the preparation of synaptosomes from rat brain by using a discontinuous Ficoll/sucrose gradient by a flotation technique. These synaptosomes are metabolically active and minimally (less than 5%) contaminated with 'free' mitochondria as judged by marker-enzyme assays and electron microscopy.
Nerve fibers, immunohistochemically positive for neuropeptide Y, tyrosine hydroxylase, calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P, form a perivascular network surrounding the carotid arteries of New Zealand White rabbits. Transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that the nerve fibers are primarily located at the adventitial-medial border. Placing(More)
A new rabbit model of atherosclerosis is described in which several of the features seen in early human atherosclerosis are generated within a period of 7 days. The positioning of a hollow silastic collar around the carotid artery of a cholesterol-fed rabbit results in macrophage and smooth muscle cell infiltration into the arterial subendothelium, foam(More)
The migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) during neointima formation in atherosclerosis and angioplasty restenosis is mediated by certain growth factors and cytokines, one action of which may be to promote basement-membrane degradation. To test this hypothesis further, the effects of such growth factors and cytokines on the(More)
Key enzymes of ketone body metabolism (3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, 3-oxo-acid:CoA transferase, acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase) and glucose metabolism (hexokinase, lactate dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase) have been measured in the brains of foetal, neonatal, and adult guinea pigs and compared to those in the brains of neonatal and(More)
1. The development of pyruvate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase activity in rat brain mitochondria was studied. Whereas the citrate synthase activity starts to increase at about 8 days after birth, that of pyruvate dehydrogenase starts to increase at about 15 days. Measurements of the active proportion of pyruvate dehydrogenase during development were(More)
A new, rapid and reproducible method is described for the quantification of in vitro monocyte adherence in microtitre 96-well ELISA plates. The assay is based on the measurement of the myeloperoxidase activity in monocytes that have adhered to either plastic or bovine/porcine aortic endothelial cells. The assay shows a linear response to monocyte(More)
The effect of 3-hydroxybutyrate on pyruvate decarboxylation by neonatal rat brain mitochondria and synaptosomes was investigated. The rate of [1-14C]pyruvate decarboxylation (1 mM final concentration) by brain synaptosomes derived from 8-day-old rats was inhibited by 10% in the presence of 2 mM-D,L-3-hydroxybutyrate and by more than 20% in the presence of(More)
High resolution 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic measurements including 1H/13C 2D correlation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, have been carried out on intact rabbit aortic tissues ex vivo using animals fed both normal and high cholesterol diets. The results show that 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy can distinguish mobile lipids and can differentiate(More)