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IL-6 and APRIL influence the growth, differentiation, and survival of normal and neoplastic Ab-forming cells (AFC). In this study, we identify two subsets of myeloid cells that associate with the AFC and are the main producers of these factors during a T-dependent Ab response to alum-precipitated protein in mouse lymph nodes. First CD11c(+)CD8alpha(-)(More)
We evaluated 13 children with cerebral palsy who had birthweights under 1085 g. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the head was obtained, the findings were compared, and the neonatal records were reviewed. The individual children were classified as to the type of cerebral palsy. On MRI, all had severe injury to the inferior cerebellar hemispheres, mostly(More)
BACKGROUND Although in vitro IL-4 directs CD4 T cells to produce T helper 2 (Th2)-cytokines, these cytokines can be induced in vivo in the absence of IL-4-signalling. Thus, mechanism(s), different from the in vitro pathway for Th2-induction, contribute to in vivo Th2-differentiation. The pathway for in vivo IL-4-independent Th2-differentiation has yet to be(More)
Synthetic retinoid-related molecules, such as N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (fenretinide) and 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid (CD437) induce apoptosis in a variety of malignant cells. The mechanism(s) of action of these compounds does not appear to involve retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs),(More)
Input/Output (I/O) operations can represent a significant proportion of the run-time of parallel scientific computing applications. Although there have been several advances in file format libraries, file system design and I/O hardware, a growing divergence exists between the performance of parallel file systems and the compute clusters that they support.(More)
Screening of synthetic retinoids for activity against prostate carcinoma cell lines has identified antagonists of retinoic acid receptors (RARs) as potent growth inhibitors (Hammond et al, 2001, Br J Cancer 85, 453-462). Here we report that 5 days of exposure to a high-affinity pan-RAR antagonist (AGN194310) abolished growth of prostate carcinoma cells from(More)
Performance modelling is an important tool utilised by the High Performance Computing industry to accurately predict the run-time of science applications on a variety of different architectures. Performance models aid in procurement decisions and help to highlight areas for possible code optimisations. This paper presents a performance model for a(More)
In September 2013, the large laser-based inertial confinement fusion device housed in the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was widely acclaimed to have achieved a milestone in controlled fusion -- successfully initiating a reaction that resulted in the release of more energy than the fuel absorbed. Despite this success,(More)
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