R. F. Ackermann

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The locally subnormal brain metabolism observed in some experiments utilizing the Sokoloff 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) method has often been attributed to postsynaptic inhibition despite the fact that inhibitory postsynaptic potentials are themselves caused by energy-requiring mechanisms. To explore this issue, neurophysiologically confirmed long-duration(More)
A model was validated wherein local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) in humans was quantified by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with intravenously injected N-isopropyl-p-[123I]iodoamphetamine (IMP) combined with a modification of the classic method of arterial input sampling. After intravenous injection of IMP in rat, autoradiograms of the(More)
We have developed an autoradiographic method for estimating the oxidative and glycolytic components of local CMRglc (LCMRglc), using sequentially administered [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and [14C]-6-glucose (GLC). FDG-6-phosphate accumulation is proportional to the rate of glucose phosphorylation, which occurs before the divergence of glycolytic (GMg) and(More)
Behavioral changes following injury, neural degeneration, and aging partly reflect the synaptic plasticity of the nervous system. Such long-term plastic changes are likely to depend on alterations in the production of proteins involved in synaptic structures and neurotransmission. We have studied the regulation of the mRNA encoding one such protein,(More)
3-(2'-[18F]fluoroethyl)spiperone (FESP), a recently developed dopamine D2-receptor binding radiopharmaceutical, was used for dynamic characterization of dopamine-receptor binding in Macaca nemestrina monkeys and humans with positron emission tomography (PET). FESP in vitro binding properties to the dopamine receptor (IC50 = 1.5 nM) are similar to those of(More)
The striosome and matrix compartments of the striatum are clearly identified by their neurochemical expression patterns and anatomical connections. To determine whether these compartments are distinguishable functionally, we used [14C]deoxyglucose metabolic mapping in the rat and tested whether neutral behavioral states (free movement, gentle restraint, and(More)
Ritualistic displays of aggressive intent are important social signals, often obviating physically dangerous engagement. To date, however, brain regions mediating such behaviors are not established. Here we used male Anolis carolinensis together with an in vivo 14C-2-deoxyglucose method to determine patterns of brain activation during elicitation of this(More)
Alterations in the brain of rats receiving a single non-convulsive administration pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), 30 mig/kg, i.p. (single PTZ group) were investigated and compared with those detected in fully PTZ kindled rats (chronic PTZ group). In vitro receptor autoradiography experiments showed that both single and chronic PTZ groups presented mu opioid and(More)
The processes of receptor internalization and recycling have been well-documented for receptors for hormones, growth factors, lysosomal enzymes, and cellular substrates. Evidence also exists that these processes also occur for beta-adrenergic, muscarinic cholinergic, and delta-opiate receptors in frog erythrocytes or cultured nervous tissue. In this study,(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) functions are associated with social dominance status in diverse species, but to date the brain regions wherein 5-HT exerts such effects are uncertain. Here, we indexed 5-HT turnover in male Anolis carolinensis as the ratio of 5-HT to its metabolite, 5-hydroxy-indol-acetic acid, and also as the accumulation of the in vivo tracer(More)