R. Ellen R. Nisbet

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Dinoflagellates are an economically and ecologically important eukaryotic algal group. The organization of their chloroplast genome appears to be radically different from that in plants and other algae. The gene content has been dramatically reduced in dinoflagellates, with the large-scale transfer of genes to the nucleus. Most of the remaining genes encode(More)
We discuss the suggestion that differences in the nucleotide composition between plastid and nuclear genomes may provide a selective advantage in the transposition of genes from plastid to nucleus. We show that in the adenine, thymine (AT)-rich genome of Borrelia burgdorferi several genes have an AT-content lower than the average for the genome as a whole.(More)
We show using PCR that psbC, atpA and petB genes are present in the plastid DNA minicircles from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium operculatum, extending the set of plastid genes identified from this organism. Unusually, the petB and atpA genes are located on the same minicircle. PCR using primers based on the "core" region found on all coding minicircles(More)
Seven new minicircles, forming part of the fragmented plastid genome of the dinoflagellate Amphidinium operculatum, have been identified by PCR. Three minicircles are full-length, one of 2.6 kb encoding the 23S rRNA gene, one of 2.4 kb containing the psaB gene, and a third of 2.5 kb containing the psbD, psbE and psbI genes. This is the first report of a(More)
We have characterized the mitochondrial genome of the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. It contains just 3 identifiable protein-coding genes: cox1, cox3, and cob. No evidence for rRNA or tRNA genes was found. Expressed sequence tags (EST) sequences for the 3 genes suggest that RNA editing occurs in 2 cases removing an in-frame stop codon. Two of the(More)
It is generally accepted that plastids first arose by acquisition of photosynthetic prokaryotic endosymbionts by non-photosynthetic eukaryotic hosts. It is also accepted that photosynthetic eukaryotes were acquired on several occasions as endosymbionts by non-photosynthetic eukaryote hosts to form secondary plastids. In some lineages, secondary plastids(More)
The dinoflagellate chloroplast genome is fragmented into a number of plasmid-like minicircles, mostly containing one or more genes, and with a conserved core. We show here that, in addition to the transcripts of similar sizes to individual genes that have been reported previously, there are larger transcripts beginning and ending close to the core region.(More)
Dinoflagellate algae are notorious for their highly unusual organization of nuclear and chloroplast genomes. Early studies on the dinoflagellate mitochondrial genome indicated that it encodes the same three protein-coding genes found in Plasmodium spp., but with a complex organization and transcript editing. Recent work has extended this view, showing that(More)
It has been proposed that plants are capable of producing methane by a novel and unidentified biochemical pathway. Emission of methane with an apparently biological origin was recorded from both whole plants and detached leaves. This was the first report of methanogenesis in an aerobic setting, and was estimated to account for 10-45 per cent of the global(More)
The paternal origins of Thoroughbred racehorses trace back to a handful of Middle Eastern stallions, imported to the British Isles during the seventeenth century. Yet, few details of the foundation mares were recorded, in many cases not even their names (several different maternal lineages trace back to 'A Royal Mare'). This has fuelled intense speculation(More)