R Edamatsu

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It is reported that CNS hemorrhage causes membrane dysfunction and may exacerbate this damage as a result of secondary ischemia or hypoxia. Since hyperbaric oxygenation improves oxygen metabolism, it may reduce this membrane damage. The present study was conducted to reveal whether hyperbaric oxygenation influences membrane alteration after hemorrhage.(More)
We studied the levels of free radicals, lipid peroxides and antioxidants, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the blood of six patients with myotonic dystrophy (MyD) (mean age 52.8, SD 5.0 years) and seven controls (mean age 48.8, SD 6.3 years). Electron spin resonance was used to assess the free radicals by the spin-trapping method using(More)
The effect of various metal ions on neuronal membrane fluidity was examined using 2-(14-carboxypropyl)-2-ethyl-4,4-dimethyl-3-oxazolidinyloxy, which has been used for the examination of membrane fluidity in hydrophobic areas by electron spin resonance spectrometry. Potassium, cobalt, calcium, magnesium, nickel, copper, ferric, and aluminium ions decreased(More)
Convulsions and brain levels of amino acids and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in E1 mice were examined after oral administration of a 1% guanidinoethane sulfonate (GES) solution. The incidence of convulsions increased 3 days after starting GES administration, and this effect continued throughout the 6 months of drug administration. Glutamate levels were(More)
An easy method for collecting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was developed using a catheter inserted into the cisterna magna of rabbits. Levels of guanidino compounds in CSF collected by this method were measured. Levels of guanidinoacetic acid and creatinine increased at the onset of a pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced convulsion. These levels normalized 2 h(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in CSF of patients was determined by electron spin resonance spectrometry using the spin trap method. Variation in SOD activity was found among patients. SOD activity in CSF of subjects increased with age and this was identified as Cu,Zn-SOD activity by electrophoresis. In addition, animal experiments showed that SOD(More)
Inbred mutant El mice are highly susceptible to convulsive seizures upon "tossing" stimulation. The levels of excitatory (e.g. glutamate and aspartate) and inhibitory amino acids [e.g. gamma-amino-butyrate (GABA)] were examined in discrete regions of stimulated El mice [El(+)], non-stimulated El mice [El(-)] and ddY mice, which do not have convulsive(More)
The effect of a Chinese herbal medicine Sho-saiko-to-go-keishi-ka-shakuyaku-to (TJ-960) on the brain choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity was studied in adult (3.5 months of age) and aged (24 months of age) rats. After oral administration of 5% TJ-960 solution for 3 months, CAT activity in the hippocampus, pons-medulla oblongata and striatum of aged(More)