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Free radicals and oxidative damage have been proposed as underlying factors in aging, in chronic and degenerative diseases of aging and in acute clinical conditions. To test involvement of free-radicals in such processes, spin trapping agents which quench more reactive radicals to produce long-lived stable radical adducts have been used as an experimental(More)
We previously found that low-dose X-ray irradiation or radon (weak alpha-ray) inhalation increases SOD activities and reduces lipid peroxide levels in various organs of 7-week-old rats or rabbits. In this study, we examined how the changes of SOD activity, lipid peroxide level, and membrane fluidity of the cerebral cortex in aged male Wistar rats (65 and 91(More)
Head trauma is often followed by epilepsy and may be related to the breakdown of red blood cells and hemoglobin within the CNS. Injection of hemoglobin or iron salts into the rat cortex is known to induce a chronic epileptic focus. We observed the formation of superoxide anion (O2) and hydroxyl radical (.OH) after ferric chloride injection into the rat(More)
The effect of various metal ions on neuronal membrane fluidity was examined using 2-(14-carboxypropyl)-2-ethyl-4,4-dimethyl-3-oxazolidinyloxy, which has been used for the examination of membrane fluidity in hydrophobic areas by electron spin resonance spectrometry. Potassium, cobalt, calcium, magnesium, nickel, copper, ferric, and aluminium ions decreased(More)
After a single exposure to doses ranging from 0.05 to 0.50 Gy, the SOD activities in immune organs of the irradiated rats, at 4 h after whole-body X irradiation, showed significant increases by 50 to 90% (hereinafter p less than 0.05) in comparison with the control groups. The dose in the brain and liver showed tendencies to increase by 30 to 50% for doses(More)
It is reported that CNS hemorrhage causes membrane dysfunction and may exacerbate this damage as a result of secondary ischemia or hypoxia. Since hyperbaric oxygenation improves oxygen metabolism, it may reduce this membrane damage. The present study was conducted to reveal whether hyperbaric oxygenation influences membrane alteration after hemorrhage.(More)
Probucol is suggested to have antioxidant properties. The direct scavenging action of probucol on hydroxyl radicals, superoxide and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals were examined using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry. Probucol scavenged DPPH radicals dose dependently but showed no effect on hydroxyl radicals and superoxide generated(More)
We studied the levels of free radicals, lipid peroxides and antioxidants, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the blood of six patients with myotonic dystrophy (MyD) (mean age 52.8, SD 5.0 years) and seven controls (mean age 48.8, SD 6.3 years). Electron spin resonance was used to assess the free radicals by the spin-trapping method using(More)
Convulsions and brain levels of amino acids and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in E1 mice were examined after oral administration of a 1% guanidinoethane sulfonate (GES) solution. The incidence of convulsions increased 3 days after starting GES administration, and this effect continued throughout the 6 months of drug administration. Glutamate levels were(More)