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OBJECTIVE Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows neurosurgeons to interactively perform surgery using MRI guidance. High-field strength (1.5-T) imaging permits exceptional observation of intracranial and spinal pathological features. The development of this technology and its application to a variety of neurosurgical procedures are(More)
All image-guided neurosurgical systems that we are aware of assume that the head and its contents behave as a rigid body. It is important to measure intraoperative brain deformation (brain shift) to provide some indication of the application accuracy of image-guided surgical systems, and also to provide data to develop and validate nonrigid registration(More)
Isoflurane, an inhalation agent often used for general anesthesia during craniotomy, has been reported to suppress spike activity in the intraoperative electrocorticogram (ECoG) during epilepsy surgery. We studied the effect of isoflurane concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, and 1.25% on the number of spike bursts per 5-min epochs in 15 patients undergoing(More)
Direct cortical recordings were taken from 12 patients with implanted subdural electrode arrays during performance of a 2-dimensional, multi-joint, visually guided arm movement task. Task-related changes in the amplitude of the motor cortex 8-12 Hz surface local field oscillations were evaluated for the encoding of direction and amplitude of movement in the(More)
We studied 95 patients who underwent standard anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) without stimulation mapping of language areas, using neuropsychological parameters of language function preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively [Boston Naming Test and Verbal Fluency, and the Information, Comprehension, Arithmetic, Similarities, Digit Span, and Vocabulary(More)
BACKGROUND Interventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allows neurosurgeons to interactively perform surgery using MR guidance. High-field (1.5-Tesla) strength imaging provides exceptional visualization of intracranial and spinal pathology. The full capabilities of this technology for pediatric neurosurgery have not been defined or determined. (More)
A 30-year-old man had a long history of seizures that began with feelings of tightness in his throat and fear, followed by projectile vomiting and head and eye deviation to the left. These episodes were not completely controlled by antiepileptic medications. Video EEG monitoring confirmed his clinical description. Corticography was performed before and(More)
Twenty-four patients (16 men, 8 women) underwent corpus callosum section specifically for improvement of control of atonic or tonic seizures that resulted in falls and injuries. All patients suffered from multiple seizure types, including complex partial (CP) and tonic-clonic (TC) seizures, in addition to the tonic or atonic episodes. Preoperative seizure(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which a temporal resection may be undertaken without producing risk to temporal language areas. Patients undergoing craniotomy and placement of a subdural electrode array (SEA) for evaluation of intractable epilepsy were studied to determine the variability of distance of temporal language cortex from(More)
We correlated the postresection electrocorticograms (ECoGs) of 80 patients who underwent temporal lobectomy under general anesthesia for treatment of intractable complex partial seizures with surgical results in three groups: seizure/aura free (32 patients), auras only (16 patients), and one or more postoperative seizures (32 patients) at mean follow-up(More)