R. E. Maxwell

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OBJECTIVE Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows neurosurgeons to interactively perform surgery using MRI guidance. High-field strength (1.5-T) imaging permits exceptional observation of intracranial and spinal pathological features. The development of this technology and its application to a variety of neurosurgical procedures are(More)
OBJECTIVE Lesions within the brain are commonly sampled using stereotactic techniques. The advent of interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) now allows neurosurgeons to interactively investigate specific regions, with exquisite observational detail. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of this new surgical approach. METHODS Between January 1997(More)
All image-guided neurosurgical systems that we are aware of assume that the head and its contents behave as a rigid body. It is important to measure intraoperative brain deformation (brain shift) to provide some indication of the application accuracy of image-guided surgical systems, and also to provide data to develop and validate nonrigid registration(More)
Hemispherectomy for intractable unihemispheric epilepsy (IUE) has long been established in pediatric patients. This study reports the first series examining hemispherectomy exclusively in adult patients (>18 years old). Nine adults with IUE underwent hemispherectomy at the University of Minnesota. All patients had unilateral hemiplegia and visual field(More)
A retrospective chart review characterizing changes in 17 male and 10 female Parkinson's disease (PD) patients undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery indicated that 6 mo before surgery, patients lost a mean of 5.1 lbs, whereas in the 6 mo after surgery, subjects gained a mean of 10.1 lbs; 22% gained more than 14 lbs. In 10 patients followed an(More)
We studied 95 patients who underwent standard anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) without stimulation mapping of language areas, using neuropsychological parameters of language function preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively [Boston Naming Test and Verbal Fluency, and the Information, Comprehension, Arithmetic, Similarities, Digit Span, and Vocabulary(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the challenges and benefits of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging during brain tumor resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS A short-bore 1.5-T MR system equipped with echo-planar-capable gradients was used in resection of brain tumors in 30 patients. MR sequences and need for contrast material enhancement were determined on the basis of the(More)
We correlated the postresection electrocorticograms (ECoGs) of 80 patients who underwent temporal lobectomy under general anesthesia for treatment of intractable complex partial seizures with surgical results in three groups: seizure/aura free (32 patients), auras only (16 patients), and one or more postoperative seizures (32 patients) at mean follow-up(More)
A retrospective analysis of 11 children with the diagnosis of Klippel-Feil syndrome treated at the University of Minnesota Hospital over a period of 20 years is presented. The salient features of the syndrome and its associated anomalies are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on its neurological aspects, particularly the potential risks of injury to the(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which a temporal resection may be undertaken without producing risk to temporal language areas. Patients undergoing craniotomy and placement of a subdural electrode array (SEA) for evaluation of intractable epilepsy were studied to determine the variability of distance of temporal language cortex from(More)