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Although the importance of diarrhea as a prime cause of morbidity and death in developing countries is well recognized, the disease burden in the United States has never been thoroughly examined. We have prepared national estimates of the annual number of cases of diarrhea in children less than 5 years of age and of the outcome, measured in terms of visits(More)
Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) with low and high sodium or potassium contents were compared in 84 infants aged 3-15 months with dehydration caused by acute watery diarrhea. In randomized, double-blind trials, the ORS contained (in mmol/liter): glucose, 110; HCO3, 30; K, 10; Na, 60 (low) or 90 (high), or, in a second trial, the high Na formula plus 20 vs.(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the MR imaging appearance of mobile CSF in the ventricular system in patients with ventriculomegaly caused by brain atrophy and extraventricular obstructive hydrocephalus. Pulsatile CSF often has decreased intensity relative to less mobile areas of CSF, particularly on T2-weighted scans. At times, the(More)
We investigated the MR imaging appearance of flowing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain in the presence of obstructive lesions of the ventricular pathways. The pulsatile movement of CSF through the ventricular system is seen as an area of low signal intensity that has been termed the CSF flow-void sign (CFVS). This is best appreciated in areas of(More)
The process of creating MR images frequently gives rise to artifacts in the final display. Many artifacts may be corrected or ameliorated through an understanding of their cause. This requires familiarity with scanner design; theory of operation; and image acquisition, generation, and display. Some artifacts are obvious, totally degrading the image; others(More)
We investigated the MR appearance and incidence of low-signal areas within the CSF of the spinal canal. Nonuniform areas of decreased signal intensity in intracranial CSF have been named the CSF flow-void sign (CFVS) and appear to be due to spin dephasing secondary to pulsatile CSF motion. Similar areas are seen in the spinal canal. The MR scans of 50(More)
Low-intensity signal seen within areas of narrowing within the ventricular system has been termed the CSF flow-void sign. This decreased signal is related to CSF flow and turbulence. Seven normal volunteers were examined, and the changes that occurred in the appearance of the CFVS were noted when data acquisition was modified by cardiac gating. Flow-void(More)
OBJECTIVE --Diarrhea is an important cause of death among young children in both developing and developed countries, but little is known about diarrheal death among adults. In this study, we examined trends in diarrheal deaths among all age groups in the United States. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS --We reviewed national mortality data complied by the(More)
While diarrheal disease is a well-recognized problem in children, its impact in the elderly has not been adequately assessed. Among the 4.06 million hospitalizations in 1985 in the McDonnell-Douglas Health Information System database, 98,185 hospitalizations, including 1,130 deaths, had gastroenteritis recorded as a discharge diagnosis. The authors analyzed(More)
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