R. Dustin Schaeffer

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Understanding the evolution of a protein, including both close and distant relationships, often reveals insight into its structure and function. Fast and easy access to such up-to-date information facilitates research. We have developed a hierarchical evolutionary classification of all proteins with experimentally determined spatial structures, and(More)
The goal of Dynameomics is to perform atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of representative proteins from all known folds in explicit water in their native state and along their thermal unfolding pathways. Here we present 188-fold representatives and their native state simulations and analyses. These 188 targets represent 67% of all the structures(More)
All-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on increasingly powerful computers have been combined with experiments to characterize protein folding in detail over wider time ranges. The folding of small ultrafast folding proteins is being simulated on micros timescales, leading to improved structural predictions and folding rates. To what extent is 'closing(More)
The dynamic behavior of proteins is important for an understanding of their function and folding. We have performed molecular dynamics simulations of the native state and unfolding pathways of over 2000 protein/peptide systems (approximately 11,000 independent simulations) representing the majority of folds in globular proteins. These data are stored and(More)
ECOD (Evolutionary Classification Of protein Domains) is a comprehensive and up-to-date protein structure classification database. The majority of new structures released from the PDB (Protein Data Bank) each week already have close homologs in the ECOD hierarchy and thus can be reliably partitioned into domains and classified by software without manual(More)
MOTIVATION The discovery of new protein folds is a relatively rare occurrence even as the rate of protein structure determination increases. This rarity reinforces the concept of folds as reusable units of structure and function shared by diverse proteins. If the folding mechanism of proteins is largely determined by their topology, then the folding(More)
The classification of protein folds is necessarily based on the structural elements that distinguish domains. Classification of protein domains consists of two problems: the partition of structures into domains and the classification of domains into sets of similar structures (or folds). Although similar topologies may arise by convergent evolution, the(More)
Members of the homeodomain superfamily are three-helix bundle proteins whose second and third helices form a helix-turn-helix motif (HTH). Their folding mechanism slides from the ultrafast, three-state framework mechanism for the engrailed homeodomain (EnHD), in which the HTH motif is independently stable, to an apparent two-state nucleation-condensation(More)
Protein target structures for the Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction round 11 (CASP11) and CASP ROLL were split into domains and classified into categories suitable for assessment of template-based modeling (TBM) and free modeling (FM) based on their evolutionary relatedness to existing structures classified by the Evolutionary Classification of(More)
Proteins and their domains evolve by a set of events commonly including the duplication and divergence of small motifs. The presence of short repetitive regions in domains has generally constituted a difficult case for structural domain classifications and their hierarchies. We developed the Evolutionary Classification Of protein Domains (ECOD) in part to(More)