R. Duane Sofia

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The analgesic effectiveness of δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a crude marihuana extract (CME), cannabinol (CBN), cannabidiol (CBD), morphine SO4 and aspirin following oral administration was directly compared in mice using the acetic-induced writhing and hot plate tests and the Randall-Selitto paw pressure test in rats. THC and morphine were equipotent in(More)
Taurolidine (Geistlich Pharm, AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland), a derivative of the amino acid taurine, is commonly used in some parts of the world as an adjunctive therapy for various infections. Its mechanism of action is thought to be related to its antimicrobial properties, including its ability to interfere with some of the biological activities of endotoxin(More)
Guinea pigs were sensitized and boostered with i.p. injections of ovalbumin (OA) 10 micrograms + Al(OH)3 100 mg. Thirteen days after the last injection animals (800-1100 g) were placed in bias flow ventilated whole body plethysmographs and allowed to stabilize for 2 h. Lung function was recorded for up to 2 h before and 5 h after aeroallergen challenge (OA(More)
The anticonvulsant effects of felbamate (FBM) alone or in combination with phenytoin (PHT), carbamazepine (CBZ), valproate (VPA), or phenobarbital (PB) were investigated against maximal electroshock (MES) seizures in mice. Nonprotective doses of the prototype antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) enhanced the protective effects of FBM against electrically induced(More)
Felbamate (2-phenyl-1,3-propanediol dicarbamate) is a novel agent effective against maximal electroshock, pentylenetetrazol and other chemically induced seizures in mice and rats. Felbamate has been proposed as a novel anticonvulsant for the treatment of generalized tonic-clonic and complex partial seizures. In addition, felbamate has been shown to have(More)
Felbamate (FBM) is a novel antiepileptic drug that was approved in 1993 for treatment of several forms of epilepsy. After its introduction, toxic reactions (aplastic anemia and hepatotoxicity) associated with its use were reported. It is unknown whether FBM or one of its metabolites is responsible for these idiosyncratic adverse reactions. Although the(More)
Orally administered delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) produced a dose-dependent increase in urine output in hydrated rats similar in mg/kg potency and magnitude of effect to hydrochlorothiazide (HCT). Whereas HCT promoted marked excretion of Na+, K+ and Cl- and an increase in the urinary Na+/K+ at all diuretic doses (1.25-20.0 mg/kg), THC had only a slight(More)
Felbamate (2-phenyl-1,3-propanediol dicarbamate), phenytoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, and valproate were evaluated in mice and rats with a battery of well-standardized anticonvulsant test procedures. The results obtained indicate that felbamate exhibits a wider range of experimental anticonvulsant activity than either phenytoin or ethosuximide and a(More)