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Antibodies have been investigated as specific targeting agents for cancer diagnosis and therapy, to inactivate toxic substances including drugs and also as passive immunotherapy for neoplastic or infectious diseases. In most cases the antibodies were administered systemically by the intravenous route. More recently, however, there has been increasing(More)
The relationship between water loss via transpiration and stem sap flow in young apricot trees was studied under different environmental conditions and different levels of soil water status. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse over a 2-week period (November 2–14, 1997) using three-year-old apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca cv. Búlida) growing in(More)
During four growing seasons, 10-year-old apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L., cv. ‘Búlida’) were submitted to three different drip irrigation regimes: (1) a control treatment, irrigated at 100% of seasonal crop evapotranspiration (ETc), (2) a continuous deficit irrigation (DI) treatment, irrigated at 50% of the control treatment, and (3) a regulated deficit(More)
Using the heat pulse and other techniques, the hydraulic architecture of apricot trees was mapped out. The flows (overall flow, flow across the four main branches) and forces (water potential differences between xylem and leaves) measured allowed us to quantify hydraulic conductance of branches and of the root/soil resistance. The experiment was carried out(More)
Drip-irrigated BuÂlida apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca L.) on Real Fino apricot rootstock were submitted, for 4 consecutive years, to water stress by withholding irrigation at different phenological periods: during the period of ̄owering-fruit set which lasted around 1 month (T-1 treatment); during stages I ‡ II of fruit growth (including the initial(More)
Potted two-year-old lemon plants (Citrus limon (L.) Burm. fil.) cv. Fino, growing under field conditions were subjected to drought by withholding irrigation for 13 d. After that, plants were re-irrigated and the recovery was studied for 5 d. Control plants were daily irrigated maintaining the soil matric potential at about -30 kPa. Young leaves of control(More)
The suitability of trunk diameter reference baselines for irrigation scheduling of mature drip-irrigated almond trees [Prunus dulcis (Mill). D.A. Webb cv Marta] was assessed in a 3-year experiment conducted on well-watered trees in south-eastern Spain. Continuous measurements of trunk daily growth rate (DGR) and maximum daily trunk shrinkage (MDS) were(More)
BACKGROUND In table grapes, berry firmness influences consumer acceptance so it is important to avoid berry shattering and dehydration during their post-harvest life. Since studies of irrigation effects on table grape quality are comparatively rare, sensory evaluation aimed to identify high-quality berries obtained under different deficit irrigation(More)
Fino lemon trees (Citrus limon L. Burm. fil.) on sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.), growing on a low water retention capacity soil, were submitted to three different irrigation treatments over four years: 100% ETc all year (T-0), 25% ETc all year except during the rapid fruit growth period when 100% ETc was applied (T-1) and 100% ETc all year, except during(More)
Mature apricot (Prunus armeniaca L. cv. Búlida) trees, growing under field conditions, were submitted to two drip irrigation treatments: a control (T1), irrigated to 100 % of seasonal crop evapotranspiration (ETc), and a continuous deficit (T2), irrigated to 50 % of the control throughout the year. The behaviour of leaf water potential and its components,(More)