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A recently introduced lattice model, describing an extended system which exhibits a reentrant ͑symmetry-breaking, second-order͒ noise-induced nonequilibrium phase transition, is studied under the assumption that the multiplicative noise leading to the transition is colored. Within an effective Markovian approximation and a mean-field scheme it is found that(More)
Numerical evidence is presented of a coherence-resonant behavior, induced on an atmospheric global circulation model by a white (in time and space) additive Gaussian noise with amplitude A << 1 . Intermediate A values enhance the spatiotemporal regularity of vortical patterns that contribute to the intra-annual variability of the atmospheric component of(More)
We analyze several aspects of the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in reaction–diffusion systems, exploiting the nonequilibrium potential's framework. The generalization of this formalism (sketched in the appendix) to extended systems is first carried out in the context of a simplified scalar model, for which stationary patterns can be found analytically.(More)
We address a recently introduced model describing a system of periodically coupled nonlinear phase oscillators submitted to multiplicative white noises, wherein a ratchetlike transport mechanism arises through a symmetry-breaking noise-induced nonequilibrium phase transition. Numerical simulations of this system reveal amazing novel features such as(More)
As a mock-up of synaptic transmission between neurons, we revisit a problem that has recently risen the interest of several authors: the propagation of a low-frequency periodic signal through a chain of one-way coupled bistable oscillators, subject to uncorrelated additive noise. On a numerical study performed in the optimal range of noise intensity for(More)
A recent mean-field analysis of a model consisting of N nonlinear phase oscillators-under the joint influence of global periodic coupling with strength K0 and of local multiplicative and additive noises-has shown a nonequilibrium phase transition towards a broken-symmetry phase exhibiting noise-induced transport, or "ratchet" behavior. In a previous paper(More)
The behavior of diffusively coupled Rössler oscillators parametrically perturbed with an Ornstein–Uhlenbeck noise is analyzed in terms of the degree of synchronization between the cells. A resonance-like behavior is found as a function of the noise correlation time, instead of the noise intensity as it occurs in the typical stochastic resonance. A power law(More)
By the effect of aggregating currents, some systems display an effective diffusion coefficient that becomes negative in a range of the order parameter, giving rise to bistability among homogeneous states (HSs). By applying a proper multiplicative noise, localized (pinning) states are shown to become stable at the expense of one of the HSs. They are,(More)
We introduce a simple model describing a mechanism for transient pattern formation driven by subdominant attractive forces. The patterns can be stabilized if they are confined by means of a particular multiplicative noise into the region where such mechanism is active. The scope of the results appears to transcend the original application context.
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