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The inheritance of spontaneous dizygotic (DZ) twinning was investigated in 1,422 three-generation pedigrees ascertained through mothers of spontaneous DZ proband twins. DZ twinning was modelled as a trait expressed only in women. The penetrance was modelled first as a parity independent and secondly as parity dependent. The observed frequencies of maternal(More)
This study focuses on the quantification of genetic and environmental sources of variation in physical fitness components in 105 10-yr-old twin pairs and their parents. Nine motor tests and six skinfold measures were administered. Motor tests can be divided into those that are performance-related: static strength, explosive strength, running speed, speed of(More)
Two novel approaches to the analysis of twin data are illustrated with data from birth weight in twins. First, two possible covariates of birth weight are fitted to the data simultaneously, allowing for linear effects of these variables, and their correlation. Second, information on chorionicity is used to estimate the effects of chorion type on birth(More)
This study investigates the basic assumption of homogeneity of monozygotic (MZ) twins: are there differences according to the timing of the zygotic splitting, early in dichorionic (DC) and later in monochorionic (MC) pairs? We assessed the IQ of 451 same-sexed twin pairs of known zygosity and chorion type with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for(More)
Multiple births after artificial induction of ovulation (AIO) are usually considered to be due to fertilisation of multiple ova. In the East Flanders Prospective Twin Study between 1978 and 1985 the frequency of zygotic splitting after AIO (1.2%) was significantly higher than the expected frequency (0.45%) among spontaneous twins and triplets. Moreover,(More)
Heritability estimates of birth weight have been inconsistent. Possible explanations are heritability changes during gestational age or the influence of covariates (e.g. chorionicity). The aim of this study was to model birth weights of twins across gestational age and to quantify the genetic and environmental components. We intended to reduce the common(More)
In the course of the East Flanders Prospective Twin Survey (EFPTS), handedness was assessed as part of a genealogical study (Meulemans et al., 1995) in 1616 twins (808 twin pairs) aged 6 to 28. Our findings are that, in this large population-based study with known placentation and zygosity, the often observed higher frequency of left-handedness in twins is(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies suggest that pregnancy and birth complications (PBCs) are environmental risk factors for child psychopathology. However, it is not known whether the effects of PBCs occur independently of genetic predisposition. The current study examined the possibility of gene-environment interaction in a twin design. METHOD The East Flanders(More)
BACKGROUND Monozygotic (MZ) twinning is a poorly understood phenomenon that may result in subtle biologic differences between twins, despite their identical inheritance. These differences may in part account for discordant expression of disease in MZ twin pairs. Due to their stochastic nature, differences in X chromosome inactivation patterns are one source(More)
We propose expected attainable discrimination (EAD) as a measure to select discrete valued features for reliable discrimination between two classes of data. EAD is an average of the area under the ROC curves obtained when a simple histogram probability density model is trained and tested on many random partitions of a data set. EAD can be incorporated into(More)