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Melatonin rhythms were assessed in 49 registered blind individuals by measurement of the urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s). Subjects had different causes of visual loss and were classified as having light perception or better (LP; n = 19) or having no perception of light (NPL; n = 30). Subjects collected four-hourly urine samples(More)
Daytime sleepiness is a common complaint in blind subjects. Abnormally timed melatonin has been invoked as a possible cause of both daytime sleepiness and nighttime awakening. In free-running blind individuals, there is an opportunity to assess the relationship between endogenous melatonin rhythms and subjective sleepiness and naps. The aim of this study(More)
Tianeptine is a new antidepressant effective against anxiety accompanying mood disturbances. Its clinical properties have been assessed by double-blind controlled studies (versus imipramine, amitriptyline, nomifensine, viloxazine) in depressed patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of the DSM III: single recurrent major depressive episodes without(More)
The effect of chronic alcoholism (with or without associated moderate cirrhosis) on the disposition of the antidepressant tianeptine, which is devoid of substantial first-pass metabolism, was examined in 21 patients and 11 age-matched controls. Pharmacokinetic parameters for tianeptine and its C5 acid analogue metabolite (MC5 metabolite) were estimated by(More)
129 chronic alcoholic patients, withdrawn from alcohol and presenting major depression or dysthymic disorder, were treated for 4-8 weeks under double-blind conditions either with a new antidepressant, tianeptine (37.5 mg per day), or with amitriptyline (75 mg per day). Both groups presented steady improvement of the symptoms of depression during treatment,(More)
Cultures of human carcinoma A-431, A-549 and HeLa cells were challenged with gamma-rays without or with concomitant exposure to gefitinib, a potent inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The outcome of treatment was determined from cell and colony count, cell cycle progression and DNA double-strand break(More)
A balanced 3 way cross-over study involving 12 young healthy volunteers (6 men and 6 women) was used to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of the antidepressant tianeptine following a single dose administered by oral and intravenous route. The influence of alcohol on the pharmacokinetics of tianeptine when given per os was also investigated. Kinetic(More)
The pharmacokinetics of the tricyclic antidepressant amineptine (Survector) and its main metabolite were studied in 12 young healthy adults (6 men, 6 women; mean age 35.8 yr). Plasma samples were taken over 24 h following a single oral dose of 100 mg amineptine chloryhdrate. Plasma levels of both compounds were determined by means of high performance liquid(More)
The influence of a test meal on the absorption and disposition of tianeptine (Stablon), a new antidepressant, was investigated in 12 healthy subjects in a two-way, randomized, open cross-over study. Single 12.5-mg oral doses of tianeptine were administered following a night of fasting or immediately after a standardized breakfast. When subjects received(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence and severity of sleep disturbance in blind subjects and its relation to the form and duration of visual loss. METHODS Of 403 blind subjects (visual acuity of less than 20/200 or a visual field of less than 5 degrees) recruited for the study, 15 were excluded because of affective disorder as identified by Montgomery(More)