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The masticatory apparatus in the albino rat was studied by means of electromyography and subsequent estimation of muscular forces. The activity patterns of the trigeminal and suprahyoid musculature and the mandibular movements were recorded simultaneously during feeding. The relative forces of the individual muscles in the different stages of chewing cycles(More)
MRI in combination with three-dimensional reconstruction is pre-eminently suitable for the study of the human musculoskeletal system in vivo in an accurate and detailed way. MRI provides the possibility of studying superficial as well as deep muscles under tension in the living state. Bones, muscles, tendons and adipose tissue are clearly visible. Parts can(More)
Dental parapulpar pins (TMS® Link Series) are reliable markers in cineradiography for the recording of movements in small vertebrates. The application of the pins to an analysis of mandibular movements of soricids allows a reconstruction of the complex movement pattern of both jaws during mastication.
A newly developed catheter enables the introduction of fine wire electrodes into the urethral striated sphincter muscle at predetermined locations and depths. Because of FET-probes electrode wires can be short, thus the signals show minimal artifacts owing to cable movement. The technique 1) facilitates registration of signals during coughing, walking,(More)
Analysis of the maximal loads to which a skeletal element is subjected in vivo offers attractive possibilities of explaining the shape of the element. The underlying assumption is that the element will be constructed in such a way that deformations (strains) which result from mechanical stress will not exceed certain limits and that stresses will be evenly(More)
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