R. D. Scholz

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The genome of plant-associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 harbors an array of giant gene clusters involved in synthesis of lipopeptides and polyketides with antifungal, antibacterial and nematocidal activity. Five gene clusters, srf, bmy, fen, nrs, dhb, covering altogether 137 kb, were shown to direct synthesis of the cyclic lipopeptides surfactin,(More)
Representatives of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens were shown to possess biocontrol activity against fire blight, a serious disease of orchard trees caused by Erwinia amylovora. Genome analysis of B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42 identified gene clusters responsible for synthesis of several polyketide compounds with antibacterial action. We show here that the(More)
This paper assesses the impact of medical care on changes in mortality in east Germany and Poland before and after the political transition, with west Germany included for comparison. Building upon Rutstein's concept of unnecessary untimely deaths, we calculated the contribution of conditions considered responsive to medical care or health policy to changes(More)
BACKGROUND Socioeconomic differences in old-age mortality have not been studied in Germany. This study fills in the gap, evaluating mortality and life expectancy differentials among retired German men aged 65+ in 2003. METHODS Mortality rates are calculated from the administrative database on all public pensions and deaths of pensioners in 2003. Relative(More)
Migrant mortality in Europe was found to be lower than mortality of host populations. In Germany, residents with migrant background constitute nearly one tenth of the population aged 65+ with about 40% of them being foreigners. The German Pension Scheme follows vital status of pensioners very accurately. Mortality re-estimation reveals two-fold(More)
Using data from Germany, we examine if month of birth influences survival up to age 105. Since age reporting at the highest ages is notoriously unreliable we draw on age-validated information from a huge age validation project of 1487 alleged German semi-supercentenarians aged 105+. We use month of birth as an exogenous indicator for seasonal changes in the(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to derive percentile values for birth weight, length, head circumference, and weight for length for singleton neonates based on the German perinatal survey of 2007-2011 (using data from all 16 states of Germany). We also compared these new percentile values with the percentile values of 1995-2000 that so far have been(More)
BACKGROUND The population in the German federal state of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania is growing older. A resulting rise in age-related diseases will likely lead to a greater need for medical care, even though the population as a whole is declining. The predicted number of patients affected by these diseases varies from one district to another because of(More)
Eva Kibele Sebastian Klüsener (kluesener@demogr.mpg.de) Rembrandt Scholz (scholz@demogr.mpg.de) Regional mortality disparities in Germany: Long-term dynamics and possible determinants Max-Planck-Institut für demografi sche Forschung Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Konrad-Zuse-Strasse 1 · D-18057 Rostock · GERMANY Tel +49 (0) 3 81 20 81 0; Fax(More)
BACKGROUND The German East-West mortality difference narrowed rapidly after the 1990 unification, particularly for women. We analyse recent trends for women aged 50-89 years and document for the first time lower mortality in the East. We study how smoking contributes to this cross-over. METHODS We analyse mortality by cause for women aged 50-89 over the(More)