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The effects of norepinephrine (NE) and the alpha-1 agonist phenylephrine (PE) on synaptically evoked responses of electrophysiologically identified pyramidal neurons in layer V of rat somatosensory cortex were studied in brain slices using intracellular recording techniques. When added to the bathing medium NE (10 microM) tended to increase the synaptic(More)
Considerable evidence from intact, anesthetized preparations suggests that norepinephrine (NE) can modulate the efficacy of synaptic transmission within local circuits of the mammalian neocortex; i.e. both iontophoretic application of NE and activation of the coeruleocortical pathway are capable of facilitating cortical neuronal responses to(More)
Previous in vivo studies from our laboratory have consistently shown that iontophoretically applied norepinephrine (NE) can potentiate gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced depressant responses of cerebrocortical, cerebellar and hypothalamic neurons. Additional experiments have further suggested that this noradrenergic facilitating action is specific for(More)
Previous in vivo studies have shown that microiontophoretic application of norepinephrine (NE) and isoproterenol (ISO) can enhance gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced depressant responses of rat somatosensory cortical neurons. In the present investigation we have examined the transmembrane electrophysiological events which are associated with(More)
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