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Adhesion of circulating leukocytes to the vascular endothelium during inflammation is mediated in part by their interaction with the endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule ELAM-1. ELAM-1, a member of the LEC-CAM family of cell adhesion molecules, expresses an N-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) homologous to various calcium-dependent mammalian(More)
CodY of Lactococcus lactis MG1363 is a transcriptional regulator that represses the expression of several genes encoding proteins of the proteolytic system. These genes include pepN, pepC, opp-pepO1, and probably prtPM, pepX, and pepDA2, since the expression of the latter three genes relative to nitrogen availability is similar to that of the former. By(More)
The stage-specific embryonic antigen SSEA-1 is a cell-surface oligosaccharide molecule expressed with temporal precision during the murine preimplantation period and implicated in adhesive events involving the process of compaction. We used a mammalian transient expression system to isolate a cloned human cDNA that determines expression of the SSEA-1(More)
In vivo and in vitro studies have shown an antitumor activity of Lactobacilli in colon cancer, and some epidemiologic studies have indicated a reduced risk of breast cancer in women who consume fermented milk products. We studied the direct effect of milk fermented by five bacteria strains (Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium(More)
We have previously isolated a murine UDP-Gal:beta-D-Gal(1,4)-D-GlcNAc alpha(1,3)-galactosyltransferase (alpha(1,3)-GT) cDNA (Larsen, R. D., Rajan, V. P., Ruff, M. M., Kukowska-Latallo, J., Cummings, R. D., and Lowe, J. B. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 86, 8227-8231). This enzyme constructs the terminal alpha(1,3)-galactosyl linkage within the(More)
Biochemical and genetic evidence indicates that the human genome may encode four or more distinct GDP-fucose:beta-D-N-acetylglucosaminide 3-alpha-L-fucosyltransferase (alpha(1,3)fucosyltransferase) activities. Genes encoding two of these activities have been previously isolated. These correspond to an alpha(1,3/1,4)fucosyltransferase thought to represent(More)
We show that the nitrogen regulatory protein GlnR of Lactococcus lactis represses transcription of the amtB-glnK, glnRA, and glnPQ operons. This likely occurs through a conserved DNA motif, 5'-TGTNA-7N-TNACAT-3', and takes place in response to extracellular glutamine and ammonium. GlnR-independent repression of amtB-glnK is mediated by the pleiotropic(More)
We have developed a genetic approach to isolate cloned cDNA sequences that determine expression of cell surface oligosaccharide structures and their cognate glycosyltransferases. A cDNA library was constructed in a mammalian expression vector by using mRNA from a murine cell line known to express a UDPgalactose:beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminide(More)
The cDNA encoding a murine UDP-Gal:beta-D-Gal-alpha 1,3-galactosyltransferase has recently been cloned and sequenced using a transient expression method (Larsen, R.D., Rajan, V.P., Ruff, M.M., Kukowska-Latallo, J., Cummings, R.D., and Lowe, J.B. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86, 8227-8231). This report describes the construction and analysis of a(More)
BACKGROUND In research laboratories using DNA-microarrays, usually a number of researchers perform experiments, each generating possible sources of error. There is a need for a quick and robust method to assess data quality and sources of errors in DNA-microarray experiments. To this end, a novel and cost-effective validation scheme was devised,(More)