R D F M Taalman

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A 10-year-old boy with microcephaly, stunted growth, mental retardation, café-au-lait spots and immunodeficiency is described. An older brother of the patient had the same clinical symptoms and a more severe immunodeficiency. Cytogenetic studies in the proband revealed a typical form of chromosome instability with multiple rearrangements of chromosomes 7(More)
Within the context of current international initiatives on the control of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), an overview is given of the scientific knowledge relating to POP sources, emissions, transport, fate and effects. At the regional scale, improvements in mass balance models for well-characterised POPs are resulting in an ability to estimate their(More)
Fibroblast cultures from six unrelated patients having a familial type of immunodeficiency combined with microcephaly, developmental delay, and chromosomal instability were studied with respect to their response to ionizing radiation. The cells from five of them resembled those from individuals with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) in that they were two to three(More)
Aneuploidy plays a significant role in adverse human health conditions including birth defects, pregnancy wastage and cancer. Although there is clear evidence of chemically induced aneuploidy in experimental systems, to date there are insufficient data to determine with certainty if chemically induced aneuploidy contributes to human disease. However, since(More)
The Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) is a new chromosomal instability disorder different from ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and other chromosome-breakage syndromes. Cells from an NBS patient appeared hypersensitive to X-irradiation. X-rays induced significantly more chromosomal damage in NBS lymphocytes and fibroblasts than in normal cells. The difference was(More)
We report on five independent families with a chromosome instability disorder that earlier had been called the Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS). These families, two from the Netherlands and three from Czechoslovakia, had a total of eight patients, five of whom are still alive. The main clinical manifestations were microcephaly, short stature, a "bird-like"(More)
We report on a microcephalic, growth-retarded newborn girl without major anomalies who has chromosome instability in lymphocytes and fibroblasts. Frequent involvement of bands 7p13, 7q34, 14q11, and 14q32 suggested the diagnosis of ataxia telangiectasia (AT) or a related disorder. Supportive evidence was radioresistant DNA synthesis in fibroblasts and(More)
Manufactured chemicals are essential to the vast array of goods and services that contribute to modern life. Their benefits are innumerable, and society is entirely dependent upon them. At the same time, there is an increasing awareness of the concept of environmental impacts. The challenge is to achieve the appropriate balance between the benefits and(More)
Since March 2013, animal use for cosmetics testing for the European market has been banned. This requires a renewed view on risk assessment in this field. However, in other fields as well, traditional animal experimentation does not always satisfy requirements in safety testing, as the need for human-relevant information is ever increasing. A general(More)
Isoprene monomer is derived from petroleum cracking and is used in the manufacturing of polyisoprene, butyl rubber and a variety of copolymers. It is also the monomeric unit of naturally occurring terpenes (e.g. lycopenes, the pigmentation in tomatoes). Isoprene occurs in tobacco smoke and it is released by a wide range of plants and mammals (including(More)