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BACKGROUND Radiation therapy (RT) to the pelvis has been associated with an increased risk of bladder carcinoma, as well as other malignancies. However, no controlled studies have previously explored the risk of second malignancies after RT for prostate carcinoma. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted utilizing data from the Surveillance,(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to describe the "dependent viscera" sign and determine its usefulness at CT in the diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture after blunt abdominal trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study sample consisted of 28 consecutive patients (19 men, nine women) between 17 and 74 years old (mean age, 31 years) who had undergone(More)
PURPOSE Although radionuclide bone scans are frequently recommended as part of the staging evaluation for newly diagnosed prostate cancer, most scans are negative for metastases. We hypothesized that Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and clinical stage could predict for a positive bone scan (BS), and that a low-risk group of patients could be(More)
Because of the uncertainties regarding the efficacy of postoperative radiation therapy for early prostate cancer, treatment strategies following radical prostatectomy include: (1) observation alone in high-risk patients, (2) adjuvant radiation therapy (PSA undetectable) in high-risk patients, or (3) salvage radiation therapy for biochemical and clinical(More)
PURPOSE Recent data indicate that intraluminal irradiation of coronary arteries following balloon angioplasty reduces proliferation of smooth muscle cells, neointima formation, and restenosis. We present calculations for various isotopes and geometries in an attempt to identify suitable source designs for such treatments. METHODS AND MATERIALS Analytical(More)
Whether prostate cancer recurrence can be predicted by microvessel density (MVD) measurements is controversial. One reason for the lack of agreement may be the differing antibodies used to determine MVD. We evaluated MVD using 2 different antibodies against endothelial cells, CD31 and CD34, on 102 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy without(More)
PURPOSE The use of T2 MR for postimplant dosimetry (PID) after prostate brachytherapy allows more anatomically accurate and precise contouring but does not readily permit seed identification. We developed a reproducible technique for performing MR-CT fusion and compared the resulting dosimetry to standard CT-based PID. METHODS AND MATERIALS CT and(More)
OBJECTIVES Angiogenesis is believed to play an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. Previous studies have suggested that the microvessel density (MVD) of prostate tumors may be of prognostic value. This study investigated the reliability of assessing MVD in radical prostatectomy specimens and its value as an independent prognostic indicator(More)
PURPOSE Urinary retention requiring catheterization is a known complication among prostate cancer patients treated with permanent interstitial radioactive seed implantation. However, the factors associated with this complication are not well known. This study was conducted to determine these factors. METHODS AND MATERIALS Ninety-one consecutive prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating prostate cells can be detected in the venous blood of patients with clinically localized prostate carcinoma by applying reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques using primers specific for the prostate specific antigen (PSA) gene. This study evaluates whether the detection of circulating cells correlates with(More)