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BACKGROUND Radiation therapy (RT) to the pelvis has been associated with an increased risk of bladder carcinoma, as well as other malignancies. However, no controlled studies have previously explored the risk of second malignancies after RT for prostate carcinoma. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted utilizing data from the Surveillance,(More)
PURPOSE Although radionuclide bone scans are frequently recommended as part of the staging evaluation for newly diagnosed prostate cancer, most scans are negative for metastases. We hypothesized that Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and clinical stage could predict for a positive bone scan (BS), and that a low-risk group of patients could be(More)
PURPOSE The use of T2 MR for postimplant dosimetry (PID) after prostate brachytherapy allows more anatomically accurate and precise contouring but does not readily permit seed identification. We developed a reproducible technique for performing MR-CT fusion and compared the resulting dosimetry to standard CT-based PID. METHODS AND MATERIALS CT and(More)
PURPOSE It is unknown whether the excess risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) observed when androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is added to radiation for men with prostate cancer and a history of congestive heart failure (CHF) or myocardial infarction (MI) also applies to those with high-risk disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS Of 14,594 men with cT1c-T3aN0M0(More)
Because of the uncertainties regarding the efficacy of postoperative radiation therapy for early prostate cancer, treatment strategies following radical prostatectomy include: (1) observation alone in high-risk patients, (2) adjuvant radiation therapy (PSA undetectable) in high-risk patients, or (3) salvage radiation therapy for biochemical and clinical(More)
PURPOSE Adding margin around a target is done in an attempt to ensure complete coverage of the target. The B-mode acquisition and targeting (BAT) system allows ultrasound imaging of the prostate in patients with a full bladder. This provides a setup tool for patients with localized prostate cancer that takes into account real-time prostate position and may(More)
PURPOSE Studies were initiated to examine the effect of formulation and process variables on the delamination process and also the influence of the glass manufacturing process, supplier, and glass surface treatment. METHODS Stress testing was performed by exposing filled vials to multiple sterilization cycles followed by accelerated stability testing.(More)
Chronic radiation cystitis and radiation proctitis are known complications of the use of radiotherapy in the treatment of pelvic malignancies. These complications are, in part, due to endothelial damage and decreased vascularity and oxygenation to pelvic tissues. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be able to improve oxygenation and induce angiogenesis in damaged(More)
PURPOSE Recent data indicate that intraluminal irradiation of coronary arteries following balloon angioplasty reduces proliferation of smooth muscle cells, neointima formation, and restenosis. We present calculations for various isotopes and geometries in an attempt to identify suitable source designs for such treatments. METHODS AND MATERIALS Analytical(More)
Serum levels of radioimmunoactive salmon calcitonin (sCT) were determined in 10 healthy volunteers after intranasal administration (IN) of 100-, 205-, and 450-IU of sCT with 0.5% sodium tauro-24,25-dihydrofusidate (STDHF), a 200-IU commercial IN formulation, and a 100-IU intramuscular (IM) formulation. Relative to the IM dose, the bioavailabilities of the(More)