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BACKGROUND The Health and Health Services Research Fund (HHSRF) is dedicated to support research related to all aspects of health and health services in Hong Kong. We evaluated the fund's outcomes and explored factors associated with the translation of research findings to changes in health policy and provider behaviour. METHODS A locally suitable(More)
Infection of poultry with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (AIV) can be devastating in terms of flock morbidity and mortality, economic loss, and social disruption. The causative agent is confined to certain isolates of influenza A virus subtypes H5 and H7. Due to the potential of direct transfer of avian influenza to humans, continued research into(More)
An in vitro ischemia model was established and the effect of the metabolic inhibitors cycloheximide (CHX) and actinomycin D (ActD) on apoptosis in astrocytes under ischemia studied. CHX decreased by 75% the number of cells dying after 6 hr of ischemia compared with control cultures. TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) staining of comparable(More)
Non-coding RNAs of complex tertiary structure are involved in numerous aspects of the replication and processing of genetic information in many organisms; however, an understanding of the complex relationship between their structural dynamics and function is only slowly emerging. The Neurospora Varkud Satellite (VS) ribozyme provides a model system to(More)
Nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) is a technique that allows the rapid amplification of specific regions of nucleic acid obtained from a diverse range of sources. It is especially suitable for amplifying RNA sequences. A NASBA technique has been developed that allows the detection of avian influenza A subtype H5 from allantoic fluid(More)
Intrastrand base pairings give ribosomal and other RNA molecules characteristic structures that are important for their function. In order to maintain these structures, a substitution at one paired site may have to be compensated for by an appropriate substitution at the complementary site. Thus paired sites do not evolve independently of one another. Most(More)
Modern network processors support high levels of parallelism in packet processing by supporting multiple threads that execute on a micro-engine. Threads switch context upon encountering long latency memory accesses and this way the parallelism and memory access can be overlapped. Context switches in the typical network processor architectures such as the(More)
Nucleic acid sequence-based amplification with electrochemiluminescent detection (NASBA/ECL) is an isothermal technique allowing rapid amplification and detection of specific regions of nucleic acid from a diverse range of sources. It is especially suitable for amplifying RNA. A NASBA/ECL technique has been developed allowing the detection of RNA from avian(More)
Nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) is an isothermal technique that allows the rapid amplification of specific regions of nucleic acid obtained from a diverse range of sources. It is especially suitable for amplifying RNA sequences. A rapid and specific NASBA technique was developed, allowing the detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus(More)
Recent results with Neurospora crassa show that one protein (S-5, mol wt 52,000) associated with the mitochondrial (mit) small ribosomal subunit is translated within the mitochondria (Lambowitz et al. 1976. J. Mol. Biol. 107:223-253). In the present work, Neurospora mit ribosomal proteins were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis using a(More)