Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This systematic review and meta-analysis was accomplished to determine whether exercise therapy is an effective intervention to reduce pain and patient-reported measures of activity limitations and participation restrictions (PRMALP) in patients with patellofemoral pain. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION Randomized controlled trials(More)
PURPOSE Over the past decade, linear and non-linear surface electromyography descriptors for central and peripheral components of fatigue have been developed. In the current study, we tested fractal dimension (FD) and conduction velocity (CV) as myoelectric descriptors of central and peripheral fatigue, respectively. To this aim, we analyzed FD and CV(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine intra- and interrater reliability of thickness and cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements of the supraspinatus muscle using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI). METHODS Two physical therapists acquired b-mode images of the supraspinatus muscles in twenty-five healthy subjects. Thickness and CSA were measured. Intra- and(More)
BACKGROUND The application of ultrasound to enhance the transdermal transport of drugs is often referred to as 'sonophoresis'. In physiotherapy sonophoresis is applied to the skin through two different procedures: (1) the pre-treatment procedure where the skin is treated with ultrasound irradiation prior to the drug application and (2) a simultaneous(More)
To establish the test–retest reliability of sonoelastography (SE) on healthy Achilles tendons in contracted and relaxed states using an external reference system. Forty-eight Achilles tendons from 24 healthy volunteers were assessed using ultrasound and real-time SE with an external reference material. Tendons were analyzed under relaxed and contracted(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of stratum corneum (SC) hydration often involves the use of commercial instruments. The aim of this study was to compare and validate two recent instruments: the Corneometer 825® (digital probe) and the Skicon-200 EX®. METHODS In vitro calibration was carried out on filter pads using different solvents, measurements over different(More)
BACKGROUND Pain drawings (PD) are frequently used in research to illustrate the pain response to pain provocation tests. However, there is a lack of data on the reliability in defining the extent and location of pain. We investigated the test-retest reliability in reporting an acute painful sensation induced by a pain provocation test using a novel approach(More)
AIM There is scarce information concerning the pharmacodynamic behavior of topical substances used in the physiotherapy setting. The aim of the present study was to estimate the formation and emptying of the diclofenac (DF) skin reservoir after passive, semiocclusive, and electrically assisted applications of DF. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Five different groups(More)
The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to critically determine the possible effects of different cooling applications, compared to non-cooling, passive post-exercise strategies, on recovery characteristics after various, exhaustive exercise protocols up to 96 hours (hrs). A total of n = 36 articles were processed in this study. To establish the(More)
BACKGROUND Segmental Stabilizing Exercises (SSE) has a strong theoretical basis in treatment and prevention of Low Back Pain (LBP). The clinical effectiveness has not been clearly established. STUDY DESIGN A systematic review of clinical- and randomized. controlled trials. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of SSE for acute, subacute, chronic and(More)