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In order to gain a better understanding of the molecular processes that underlie apoptosis and tissue regression in mammary gland, we undertook a large-scale analysis of transcriptional changes during the mouse mammary pregnancy cycle, with emphasis on the transition from lactation to involution. Affymetrix microarrays, representing 8618 genes, were used to(More)
STAT3 is the key mediator of apoptosis in mammary gland. We demonstrate here that LIF is the physiological activator of STAT3, because in involuting mammary glands of Lif(-/-) mice, pSTAT3 is absent and the STAT3 target, C/EBPdelta, is not upregulated. Similar to Stat3 knockouts, Lif(-/-) mammary glands exhibit delayed involution, reduced apoptosis and(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is a key modulator of apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but to date this specific function of NF-kappaB has not been demonstrated in epithelia. Here, we describe the activation of NF-kappaB during post-lactational involution of the mouse mammary gland, a period of extensive apoptosis of luminal epithelial cells.(More)
Prolactin and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) have different roles in the adult mammary gland, which are mediated in part by the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)5 and STAT3. In vivo studies have shown that STAT5 contributes to prolactin-dependent lobuloalveolar development and lactation whereas STAT3 mediates LIF-dependent(More)
Physiological apoptosis is induced by a switch from survival to death signalling. Dysregulation of this process is frequently associated with cancer. A powerful model for this apoptotic switch is mammary gland involution, during which redundant milk-producing epithelial cells undergo apoptosis. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is(More)
Six of the human minisatellites detected by DNA fingerprint probes have been localized by in situ hybridization to human metaphase chromosomes. These hypervariable loci are not dispersed at random in the human genome, but show preferential, though not exclusive, localization to terminal G-bands of human autosomes. Two of the proterminal minisatellites are(More)
It is postulated that breast cancer stem cells (bCSCs) mediate disease recurrence and drive formation of distant metastases - the principal cause of mortality in breast cancer patients. Therapeutic targeting of bCSCs, however, is hampered by their heterogeneity and resistance to existing therapeutics. In order to identify strategies to selectively remove(More)
A number of transcription factors have beenidentified as regulators of mammary development,including Stat5 and C/EBPβ (1-3). In this review wesummarize evidence which suggests that the NF-κBfamily of transcription factors also has a role inmammary gland development. NF-κB was originallydescribed as a mediator of inflammatory reactions andcellular responses(More)
This paper describes the derivation and characterization of a novel, conditionally immortal mammary epithelial cell line named KIM-2. These cells were derived from mid-pregnant mammary glands of a mouse harbouring one to two copies of a transgene comprised of the ovine β-lactoglobulin milk protein gene promoter, driving expression of a temperature-sensitive(More)
Mammary epithelial cells (MEC) undergo a series of developmental decisions during a pregnancy cycle. The switches from proliferation to differentiation to secretion and then to cell death are precisely controlled. In order to identify critical changes associated with the transition from a secretory phenotype during lactation to dedifferentiation and cell(More)