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Six of the human minisatellites detected by DNA fingerprint probes have been localized by in situ hybridization to human metaphase chromosomes. These hypervariable loci are not dispersed at random in the human genome, but show preferential, though not exclusive, localization to terminal G-bands of human autosomes. Two of the proterminal minisatellites are(More)
Mammary epithelial cells (MEC) undergo a series of developmental decisions during a pregnancy cycle. The switches from proliferation to differentiation to secretion and then to cell death are precisely controlled. In order to identify critical changes associated with the transition from a secretory phenotype during lactation to dedifferentiation and cell(More)
INTRODUCTION It is postulated that breast cancer stem cells (bCSCs) mediate disease recurrence and drive formation of distant metastases - the principal cause of mortality in breast cancer patients. Therapeutic targeting of bCSCs, however, is hampered by their heterogeneity and resistance to existing therapeutics. In order to identify strategies to(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB exhibits altered activity in some breast cancers but the relevance of this association has not been established. Cao et al.'s elegant study recently published in Cell reveals a NF-kappaB-dependent signalling pathway responsible for epithelial proliferation in the mouse mammary gland. Could this mechanism, rather than(More)
MOTIVATION Biological assays are often carried out on tissues that contain many cell lineages and active pathways. Microarray data produced using such material therefore reflect superimpositions of biological processes. Analysing such data for shared gene function by means of well-matched assays may help to provide a better focus on specific cell types and(More)
INTRODUCTION In order to gain a better understanding of the molecular processes that underlie apoptosis and tissue regression in mammary gland, we undertook a large-scale analysis of transcriptional changes during the mouse mammary pregnancy cycle, with emphasis on the transition from lactation to involution. METHOD Affymetrix microarrays, representing(More)
It is well established that lysosomes play an active role during the execution of cell death. A range of stimuli can lead to lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP), thus inducing programmed cell death without involvement of the classical apoptotic programme. However, these lysosomal pathways of cell death have mostly been described in vitro or under(More)
Prolactin and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) have different roles in the adult mammary gland, which are mediated in part by the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)5 and STAT3. In vivo studies have shown that STAT5 contributes to prolactin-dependent lobuloalveolar development and lactation whereas STAT3 mediates LIF-dependent(More)
The essential oils from Commiphora species have for centuries been recognized to possess medicinal properties. Here, we performed gas chromatography-mass spectrometry on the essential oil from opoponax (Commiphora guidotti) and identified bisabolene isomers as the main constituents of this essential oil. Opoponax essential oil, a chemical component;(More)
STAT3 is the key mediator of apoptosis in mammary gland. We demonstrate here that LIF is the physiological activator of STAT3, because in involuting mammary glands of Lif(-/-) mice, pSTAT3 is absent and the STAT3 target, C/EBPdelta, is not upregulated. Similar to Stat3 knockouts, Lif(-/-) mammary glands exhibit delayed involution, reduced apoptosis and(More)