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In order to gain a better understanding of the molecular processes that underlie apoptosis and tissue regression in mammary gland, we undertook a large-scale analysis of transcriptional changes during the mouse mammary pregnancy cycle, with emphasis on the transition from lactation to involution. Affymetrix microarrays, representing 8618 genes, were used to(More)
STAT3 is the key mediator of apoptosis in mammary gland. We demonstrate here that LIF is the physiological activator of STAT3, because in involuting mammary glands of Lif(-/-) mice, pSTAT3 is absent and the STAT3 target, C/EBPdelta, is not upregulated. Similar to Stat3 knockouts, Lif(-/-) mammary glands exhibit delayed involution, reduced apoptosis and(More)
Prolactin and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) have different roles in the adult mammary gland, which are mediated in part by the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT)5 and STAT3. In vivo studies have shown that STAT5 contributes to prolactin-dependent lobuloalveolar development and lactation whereas STAT3 mediates LIF-dependent(More)
Six of the human minisatellites detected by DNA fingerprint probes have been localized by in situ hybridization to human metaphase chromosomes. These hypervariable loci are not dispersed at random in the human genome, but show preferential, though not exclusive, localization to terminal G-bands of human autosomes. Two of the proterminal minisatellites are(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is a key modulator of apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but to date this specific function of NF-kappaB has not been demonstrated in epithelia. Here, we describe the activation of NF-kappaB during post-lactational involution of the mouse mammary gland, a period of extensive apoptosis of luminal epithelial cells.(More)
Using the 3T3-F442A preadipocyte line as a model of GH-dependent differentiation, early changes in the DNA-binding affinity of transcription factors in response to GH addition were investigated. Addition of 50 ng/ml human GH to cells in chemically defined medium led to a rapid increase in binding activity of activator protein 1 (AP-1) and CCAAT(More)
It is well established that lysosomes play an active role during the execution of cell death. A range of stimuli can lead to lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP), thus inducing programmed cell death without involvement of the classical apoptotic programme. However, these lysosomal pathways of cell death have mostly been described in vitro or under(More)
It is postulated that breast cancer stem cells (bCSCs) mediate disease recurrence and drive formation of distant metastases - the principal cause of mortality in breast cancer patients. Therapeutic targeting of bCSCs, however, is hampered by their heterogeneity and resistance to existing therapeutics. In order to identify strategies to selectively remove(More)
Physiological apoptosis is induced by a switch from survival to death signalling. Dysregulation of this process is frequently associated with cancer. A powerful model for this apoptotic switch is mammary gland involution, during which redundant milk-producing epithelial cells undergo apoptosis. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is(More)
Recent studies in breast cancer cell lines have shown that oncostatin M (OSM) not only inhibits proliferation but also promotes cell detachment and enhances cell motility. In this study, we have looked at the role of OSM signaling in nontransformed mouse mammary epithelial cells in vitro using the KIM-2 mammary epithelial cell line and in vivo using OSM(More)