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Chromosome banding is often required in conjunction with fluorescent in situ hybridization of labelled probes for chromosome painting, satellite DNA and low-copy sequences to allow identification of chromosomes and simultaneous probe localization. Here, we present a method that reveals both patterns with only one observation step. The band pattern is(More)
The evolution of chromosomes in species in the family Bovidae includes fusion and fission of chromosome arms (giving different numbers of acrocentric and metacentric chromosomes with a relatively conserved total number of arms) and evolution in both DNA sequence and copy number of the pericentromeric alpha-satellite I repetitive DNA sequence. Here, a probe(More)
Eukaryotic genomes contain far more DNA than needed for coding proteins. Some of these additional DNA sequences comprise non-coding repetitive DNA sequences, mostly satellite DNAs and also transposable elements usually located at the heterochromatic regions of chromosomes. Satellite DNAs consist of tandemly repeated DNA sequences inhabiting the mammalian(More)
Repetitive DNA in the mammalian genome is a valuable record and marker for evolution, providing information about the order and driving forces related to evolutionary events. The evolutionarily young 1.709 satellite IV DNA family is present near the centromeres of many chromosomes in the Bovidae. Here, we isolated 1.709 satellite DNA sequences from five(More)
In this work we characterize the Phodopus roborovskii and Phodopus sungorus karyotypes, describing the constitutive heterochromatin and the telomeric repeats distribution in these chromosomes. In the two species, (peri)centromeric, interstitial and (sub)telomeric C-bands were revealed, presenting a very high colocalization with evolutionary breakpoint(More)
A major satellite DNA sequence was isolated from the cat genome and its sequencing data revealed homology to the FA-SAT family. In situ hybridization of the cat satellite DNA and telomeric sequences to cat chromosomes, together with staining of constitutive heterochromatin, allowed the physical mapping of the FA-SAT sequences, and also an overall(More)
The centromeric regions and alpha-satellite I sequence were studied on chromosomes 1, 29 and the rob(1;29) translocation in a Portuguese breed of cattle, Barrosa, carrying the translocation. Rob(1;29) centromeric regions showed heterochromatic bands with propidium iodide but, unlike the acrocentric autosomes, no strong centromeric bands were revealed with(More)
Clinical animal cytogenetics development began in the 1960's, almost at the same time as human cytogenetics. However, the development of the two disciplines has been very different during the last four decades. Clinical animal cytogenetics reached its 'Golden Age' at the end of the 1980's. The majority of the laboratories, as well as the main screening(More)
Reliable banding techniques are a major necessity for genetic research in oysters. In this study, we carried out the cytogenetic characterization of four oyster species (family Ostreidae) using restriction endonuclease treatments. Chromosomes were treated with three different restriction enzymes, stained with Giemsa, and examined for banding patterns. The(More)