R. C. Williamson

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The tumour suppressor gene p53 has been found to be mutated or inactivated at high frequency in several common human tumours. We have examined a series of exocrine pancreatic carcinomas for over-expression of mutant forms of p53 by immunohistochemistry with a panel of specific antibodies. We found immunodetectable p53 in 13 of 22 (60%) frozen pancreatic(More)
Decreased membrane rigidity is one of the characteristics of malignant cells, resulting in part from the desaturation of stearic acid into oleic acid. In this study we investigated the influence of stearic acid on tumour cell inhibition in vitro and tumour development in vivo. Stearic acid inhibited the colony-forming ability of 4 out of 5 rat and two human(More)
Population studies in man and experimental animal work support the contention that dietary supplementation with calcium may prevent the development of colorectal cancer. The mechanism of action is postulated to be bile acid chelation in the small-bowed forming non-toxic calcium soap compounds but such substances have yet to be isolated and quantified. In(More)
Thromboembolic complications are common in patients with malignant disease. We studied the activation of coagulation in 106 patients with solid tumours and 72 healthy volunteers by measuring plasma levels of tissue factor, factor VIIa, factor XIIa, thrombin-antithrombin complex, and prothrombin fragments 1 + 2. Tissue factor was 67% higher in cancer(More)
The prognostic value of three predictive indices was compared in 436 attacks of acute pancreatitis in 418 patients. The outcome of an attack was graded as uncomplicated (324), complicated (70), or fatal (41); 1 attack was excluded because of puncture of the caecum. The overall mortality rate was 9.4%. Clinical assessment on admission identified only 34% of(More)
Carcinoma of the pancreas is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the western world and has an overall 5-year survival of one per cent (Malagelada, 1979). During the past four decades the incidence trebled in the United States and Morgan & Wirmsley, 1977). One cause for the poor prognosis is the late diagnosis of the disease; the pancreas is deeply(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were obtained from 13 patients and tumour-intrinsic lymphocytes (TIL) from 20 patients with colorectal cancer. The PBL were separated on a Ficoll-Isopaque gradient and the TIL by digestion of the tumour with collagenase-DNase. Both PBL and TIL were passed through nylon-wool columns and the eluted cells were co-cultured for(More)
Since compensatory hyperplasia promotes experimental carcinogenesis in the gut, we tested the ability of two surgical models of pancreatic growth to promote pancreatic carcinogenesis. Male Wistar rats (n = 60) weighing 250-300 g underwent pancreatobiliary diversion (PBD), 90% small bowel resection (PSBR) or triple transection and reanastomosis of the small(More)
Little is known of the molecular-genetic changes in carcinoma of the pancreas (CaP). In order to investigate the allele loss, or loss of heterozygosity (LOH), in CaP, we studied 13 patients with exocrine CaP and two with endocrine CaP using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Twenty probes assigned to chromosomes 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14,(More)