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BACKGROUND Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant condition mapped to chromosome 3q23. There are several reports of chromosomal abnormalities involving this region with a resultant phenotype that includes BPES. METHOD We reassessed two unrelated boys ages 3 and 5 with BPES and associated nonocular(More)
Management of blowout fractures involving the orbital floor has been controversial over the past several decades. One school of thought recommends conservative treatment for 4 to 6 months while another recommends a 'wait and watch' period of 2 weeks before intervention. The authors have encountered a group of patients with such fractures, commonly children(More)
We report 158 silicone tubes placed in the lacrimal drainage systems in 150 patients. Intubation is indicated in the following: congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, fresh canalicular lacerations, primary canalicular disease, complicated dacryocystorhinostomies, canaliculorhinostomies, and failed dacryocystorhinostomies. The procedure may be useful(More)
We report on 15 patients (10 boys, 5 girls) with clinical anophthalmos. Two of them had bilateral anophthalmos, 10 had systemic anomalies, and six had abnormalities of their remaining eye. Only two appeared to have an associated underlying aetiology. Fourteen patients underwent orbital reconstruction or socket enlargement with varying degrees of success.(More)
Congenital dacryocystocoele occurs when the nasolacrimal drainage apparatus in the newborn has concomitant blocks at the level of the junction of the common canaliculus with the lacrimal sac and at the distal end of the nasolacrimal duct. This results in a typical pink or blue swelling in the region of the medial canthus. Spontaneous resolution is common,(More)
PURPOSE To identify adrenergic receptor subtypes and their relative distribution in the retractor muscles of the upper eyelid, the levator palpebrae superioris, and the Müller muscle. The pattern of distribution of these receptors in the Müller muscle was further compared in patients with dysthyroid eyelid retraction and in normal subjects. METHODS Müller(More)
Increasing the sensitivity of methods of examining the visual field may merely increase subjective errors already inherent in this test. The optic disc can be examined quite objectively and subtle changes are best assessed by photography. A method, evolved through trial and error, is outlined for obtaining high quality colour transparencies and Polaroid(More)
This study was undertaken to study the long-term rate of recurrence of ptosis and other postoperative complications after frontalis suspension using banked irradiated fascia lata. One hundred thirty-two lids of 72 patients underwent frontalis suspension between 1980 and 1989. The preoperative diagnoses included severe congenital ptosis (83%),(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether pediatric nasal endoscopy improves treatment success in recurrent nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS A retrospective analysis was carried out on 2 nonrandomized cohorts of consecutively treated patients who had one failed nasolacrimal duct probing at the Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto. The first cohort(More)