R C Oppenheim

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Experiments were conducted to compare the efficacy of six commonly available charcoals in adsorbing halothane in a paediatric T-piece system. Tests were also done to compare the effect of mass of charcoal and canister shape and size on adsorption and airways resistance. It was found that charcoals vary in their adsorptive capacity and that the size and(More)
Plasma bupivacaine concentrations were measured in 45 children, whose ages ranged from 4 months to 12 years, following administration of caudal epidural analgesia. Using 3 mg/kg of bupivacaine 0.25%, mean blood levels of 1.2-1.4 microgram/ml were reached, which are well within the limits of projected toxic levels. Simultaneous arterial and venous sampling(More)
The ability of sodium taurocholate to increase the initial dissolution rate of five steroids was studied in terms of effects on solubility, wetting, and diffusion coefficient. For all compounds, wetting effects predominated over solubilization effects at bile salt concentrations representative of the fasted state. For hydrocortisone, triamcinolone,(More)
Plasma levels of bupivacaine were measured following lumbar epidural administration of 3 mg/kg of 0.5% plain solution in sixteen children. The peak levels were generally between 1.0 and 2 micrograms/ml, the highest being 2.9 micrograms/ml. No manifestations of toxicity were observed. There was a significant positive correlation between peak plasma levels(More)
Lignocaine 4%, 4 mg/kg, was sprayed onto the larynx and subglottic area of 96 children aged from 2 weeks to 12 years and plasma lignocaine concentrations were measured. While the majority were well within the accepted safe range (4.5 micrograms/ml) occasional concentrations over 8 micrograms/ml appeared in all groups. Simultaneous arterial and venous(More)
Eight mongrel puppies were studied at intervals of a few weeks. Lignocaine 4 mg/kg was infused over 60 seconds. Frequent samples were taken over 30 minutes for plasma lignocaine assay. Initially the concentrations were significantly higher in the oldest group (178-191 days) but after 10 minutes the youngest group (3-16 days) had significantly higher levels(More)