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Replacement of the aspartate residue at position 59 of rat oncomodulin by glutamate by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis has afforded a protein which more closely resembles rat parvalbumin, at least judged by its interaction with the luminescent lanthanide ion Eu3+. The single-peak 7F0----5D0 spectrum observed at pH 5.0 with the fully bound wild-type(More)
The acid-pair hypothesis, proposed by Reid and Hodges [(1980) J. Theor. Biol. 84, 401-444], suggests that the affinity of an EF-hand motif for Ca2+ will be maximal with four acidic ligands, paired along the +x, -x and +z, -z axes. Addition of a fifth anionic ligand is predicted to reduce Ca(2+)-binding affinity, as a consequence of increased electrostatic(More)
CPV3 is a novel avian parvalbumin. It displays an isoelectric point of 4.6, intermediate between that of avian thymic hormone (pI = 4.3) and the muscle parvalbumin isoform (pI = 5.2). Expression of CPV3, like that of avian thymic hormone (ATH), is restricted to the thymic stroma. However, the CPV3 content of chicken thymus tissue (120 micrograms/g tissue)(More)
Although parvalbumins are generally viewed as intracellular Ca2- buffers/transporters, avian species express two thymus-specific isoforms that may play alternative biological roles. These proteins, known as avian thymic hormone (ATH) and chicken parvalbumin 3 (CPV3), are conjectured to influence thymopoiesis. In this paper, we compare their intrathymic(More)
The topography of membrane-bound blood coagulation factor VIIa (fVIIa) was examined by positioning a fluorescein dye in the active site of fVIIa via a tripeptide tether to yield fluorescein-D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginyl-fVIIa (Fl-FPR-fVIIa). The location of the active-site probe relative to the membrane surface was determined, both in the presence and(More)
The parvalbumin metal ion-binding sites differ at the +z and -x residues: Whereas the CD site employs serine and glutamate (or aspartate), respectively, the EF site employs aspartate and glycine. Although frequently indistinguishable in Ca2+- and Mg2+-binding assays, the CD and EF sites nonetheless exhibit markedly different preferences for members of the(More)
The appearance of the parvalbumin Eu3+ 7F0-->5D0 spectrum is markedly pH dependent, the result of a hitherto unidentified deprotonation event in the CD ion-binding domain [Treviño, C.L., et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 9694-9700]. We are studying this phenomenon in the mammalian placental parvalbumin called oncomodulin. As in other parvalbumins, the(More)
CPV3, the third parvalbumin isoform to be identified in the chicken, is produced exclusively in the thymus gland. Although parvalbumins are typically cysteine-deficient, CPV3 contains two cysteine residues, at positions 18 and 72. The reported three-dimensional parvalbumin structures suggest that the side chain of cysteine-72 should be solvent-accessible.(More)
Oncomodulin, the parvalbumin-like calcium-binding protein frequently expressed in tumor tissue, was isolated from Morris hepatoma 5123tc and studied using the luminescent lanthanide ions, Eu3+ and Tb3+. Titrations of the apoprotein - whether monitored by indirect excitation of bound Tb3+, by direct laser excitation of bound Eu3+, or by quenching of the(More)
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