R C Castellino

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1. A fast inactivating transient K+ current (FK1) cloned from ferret ventricle and expressed in Xenopus oocytes was studied using the two-electrode voltage clamp technique. Removal of the NH2-terminal domain of FK1 (FK1 delta 2-146) removed fast inactivation consistent with previous findings in Kv1.4 channels. The NH2-terminal deletion mutation revealed a(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channel beta subunits are cytoplasmic proteins that co-purify with the pore-forming alpha subunits. One of these subunits, Kv beta 1 from rat brain, was previously demonstrated to increase the rate of inactivation of Kv1.1 and Kv1.4 when co-expressed in Xenopus oocytes. We have cloned and characterized a novel voltage-gated K+(More)
A recently discovered class of ancillary subunits has been shown to modify the inactivation properties of alpha-subunits belonging to the Kv1 family of potassium channels. One of these subunits, Kv beta 1.2, modifies intrinsic alpha-subunit C-type inactivation. N-type inactivation and open channel block have been proposed to increase the rate of development(More)
We studied the blocking effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on a Kv1.4 K+ channel. A permanently charged 4-AP derivative only produced block when applied intracellularly. 4-AP block accumulated from pulse to pulse indicating trapping of 4-AP in deactivated channels. For long trains of depolarizing pulses, 4-AP block increased with decreasing pulse duration.(More)
1. Using the two-microelectrode, 'cut open' oocyte, and 'torn off' macropatch voltage clamp techniques, we studied the blocking effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on two cloned K+ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes, an inactivating K+ channel isolated from ferret ventricle (FK1), and its NH2-terminal deletion mutant (delta NCO) which lacks fast N-type(More)
In mammals, voltage-gated K+ channels can be made of complexes containing alpha-subunits similar to the Shaker K+ channel and smaller cytoplasmic beta-subunits. Recent studies have suggested that these ancillary beta-subunits can modulate K+ channel gating properties. We studied the effects of a K+ channel beta-subunit, Kv beta 3, coexpressed with a Kv1.4(More)
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