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In an effort to better understand the mechanism of toxicity of 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, we employed an iterative search of human expressed sequence tags to identify novel basic-helix-loop-helix-PAS (bHLH-PAS) proteins that interact with either the Ah receptor (AHR) or the Ah receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT). We characterized five new(More)
Neurosteroids in rodents can originate from peripheral tissues or be locally synthesized in specific brain areas. There is, as yet, no information about the synthesis and regulation of neurosteroids in human brain. We examined the ability of human brain cells to synthesize steroids from a radiolabeled precursor and the mRNA and protein expression of key(More)
The peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor is a mitochondrial protein expressed at high levels in steroid synthesizing tissues, including the glial cells of the brain. Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor binds cholesterol with high affinity and is a key element of the cholesterol mitochondrial import machinery responsible for supplying the substrate(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective mortality study. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between comorbid medical conditions and other health-related factors to mortality in chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING Boston, MA, USA. METHODS Between 1994 and 2000, 361 males >/=1 year after injury completed a respiratory health questionnaire and underwent(More)
Anecdotal observations suggest that hypoxia does not elicit dyspnea. An opposing view is that any stimulus to medullary respiratory centers generates dyspnea via "corollary discharge" to higher centers; absence of dyspnea during low inspired Po(2) may result from increased ventilation and hypocapnia. We hypothesized that, with fixed ventilation, hypoxia and(More)
The tolerance of totally curarized subjects for prolonged breath hold is viewed by many as evidence that respiratory muscle contraction is essential to generate the sensation of breathlessness. Although conflicting evidence exists, none of it was obtained during total neuromuscular block. We completely paralyzed four normal, unsedated subjects with(More)
We recorded the diaphragm electromyogram (EMG) of quadriplegic men before and during exposure of the lower torso to continuous negative pressure, which caused shortening of the inspiratory muscles by expanding the respiratory system by one tidal volume. The moving-time-averaged diaphragm EMG was larger during expansion of the respiratory system. When we(More)
Materials used in the construction industry frequently contain large quantities of silica. When they are cut or shaped with power tools considerable respirable dust can be produced. Three dust control systems for use with cut-off saws have been evaluated on site: wet dust suppression using mains water, the same system using water from a portable water tank,(More)
Normal subjects can increase their vital capacity by appropriate training. We tested whether that change can be achieved by greater maximal shortening of the inspiratory muscles without concomitant increases in peak static inspiratory pressures. Sixteen healthy volunteers participated in the study: eight were randomly assigned to make 20 inhalations to(More)
We measured lung and chest wall compliance as well as rib cage and abdominal dimensions in the supine position in five acute C4-7 quadriplegics. Studies were performed serially from 1 to 12 months after injury. Results were compared with those of control groups of chronic (greater than 1 yr after injury) quadriplegics and normal volunteers. We found that(More)