R. C. Beason

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The bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) uses the earth’s magnetic field as one source of directional information for its migratory orientation. However, the location and structure of the magnetoreceptors that transduce the magnetic information to the nervous system are unknown. Because treatment with a strong magnetic pulse results in a change in the direction(More)
The biophysical mechanism of vertebrate magnetic sensory perception has not been completely resolved. We here provide evidence for the use of a magnetic material (probably magnetite) by a vertebrate to detect the earth’s magnetic field. The role of magnetite in bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) orientation was assessed by magnetizing the birds with a(More)
Extracellular recordings using glass microelectrodes were made from the ophthalmic and supraorbital nerves of a transequatorial migratory bird, the bobolink. The rate of electrical activity was modified in 15% of the spontaneously active units by earth-strength alterations of the horizontal or vertical component of the ambient magnetic field using box(More)
Electrophysiological recordings from the ophthalmic nerve and the trigeminal ganglion of the bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) indicate the presence of units (14% of the spontaneously active cells) that are sensitive to small changes in the magnetic field. The most common response was an increase in the rate of spontaneous activity. The most sensitive units(More)
Behavior and electrophysiological studies have demonstrated a sensitivity to characteristics of the Geomagnetic field that can be used for navigation, both for direction finding (compass) and position finding (map). The avian magnetic compass receptor appears to be a light-dependent, wavelength-sensitive system that functions as a polarity compass (i.e., it(More)
In this study we investigated the effects of a pulsed radio frequency signal similar to the signal produced by global system for mobile communication telephones (900 MHz carrier, modulated at 217 Hz) on neurons of the avian brain. We found that such stimulation resulted in changes in the amount of neural activity by more than half of the brain cells. Most(More)
Migratory Australian Silvereyes were treated with a strong magnetic pulse designed to alter the magnetization of the small magnetite particles that are found in birds' heads. Prior to the treatment, the birds preferred the northeasterly migratory direction. The pulse initially resulted in a 90° clockwise shift of orientation; however, within about a week,(More)
The retinal photoreceptors of a New World migratory bird, the bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) were examined using microspectrophotometry. Based on the absorbance spectra of their visual pigments and oil droplets, retinal photoreceptors include five classes of single cones, one double cone, and one rod. The single cones contain a long-wavelength pigment(More)
Domesticated Rock Pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica) have been selected for returning home after being displaced. They appear to use many of the physical cue sources available in the natural environment for Map-and-Compass navigation. Two compass mechanisms that have been well documented in pigeons are a time-compensated sun compass and a magnetic(More)
Management of problem wildlife within the airfield environment is a difficult job. Today’s Bird–Animal Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) program managers require as much information as possible to accomplish their tasks. Bird censuses and actual bird-strike events in and around the air operations area are used to make airfield management decisions and to assess(More)