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CNS synapse assembly typically follows after stable contacts between "appropriate" axonal and dendritic membranes are made. We show that presynaptic boutons selectively form de novo following neuronal fiber adhesion to beads coated with poly-d-lysine (PDL), an artificial cationic polypeptide. As demonstrated by atomic force and live confocal microscopy,(More)
The dispersion of polymer-covered gold nanoparticles in high molecular weight (MW) polymer matrixes is reported. Complete particle dispersion was achieved for PS125-Au in the polystyrene (PS) matrixes studied (up to and including Mn = 80 000 g/mol). PS19-Au, on the other hand, exhibits complete dispersion in a low MW PS matrix (Mn = 2000 g/mol) but only(More)
Gold nanoparticles of 5 nm diameter, stabilized by 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP), were coated with poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) (PSS) via electrostatic self-assembly. The suspension stability, monitored by the gold surface plasmon band (SPB), was studied by varying the pH, the PSS chain length, and PSS concentration. Enhanced stability is obtained at(More)
Water-soluble 3 nm maleimide-terminated PEGylated gold nanoparticles (maleimide-AuNP) were synthesized in both partially hydrolyzed and nonhydrolyzed forms. Both of these maleimide-AuNPs, when reacted with the silicon-fluorine prosthetic group [(18)F]SiFA-SH, resulted in radiolabeled AuNPs. These NPs were readily purified with high radiochemical yields(More)
A revised view of Brust-Schiffrin metal nanoparticle syntheses is presented here. Precursor species of these reactions are identified and quantified for Au, Ag, and Cu systems. Contrary to the assumptions of previous reports, tetraalkylammonium metal complexes are shown to be precursors of the two-phase reactions, whereas M(I) thiolates are shown to be(More)
The surface stress induced during the formation of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold from the vapor phase was measured using a micromechanical cantilever-based chemical sensor. Simultaneous in situ thickness measurements were carried out using ellipsometry. Ex situ scanning tunneling microscopy was performed in air to ascertain the final(More)
The surface stress response of micromechanical cantilever-based sensors was studied as a function of the morphology, adhesion, and cleanliness of the gold sensing surface. Two model systems were investigated: the adsorption of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers at the gas-solid interface and the potential-controlled adsorption of anions at the(More)
In this Account, we discuss the dynamic features of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on both planar and nonplanar substrates. Our focus is on organothiol and organic acid-based monolayers. Results from variable-temperature electrochemical, calorimetric, vibrational, and solid-state NMR spectroscopic measurements lead to a convergent description of SAM(More)
We present an efficient methodology to prepare maleimide-tethered, water-soluble gold nanoparticles (maleimide-AuNPs). The maleimide-AuNPs were prepared in the protected form and are readily recovered via a retro-Diels-Alder reaction. The maleimide-AuNPs were fully characterized by (1)H NMR, TGA, TEM, and XPS and were determined to have a gold core with an(More)