R. Brian Doctor

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Shank proteins are a family of multidomain scaffolding proteins best known for their role in organizing the postsynaptic density region in neurons. Unlike Shank1 and Shank3, Shank2 [also known as Pro-SAP1 (proline-rich synapse-associated protein 1), CortBP1 (cortactin binding protein 1) or Spank-3] has been described as a truncated family member without an(More)
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), abnormal proliferation of tubular cells drives cyst development and growth. Sirolimus, an inhibitor of the protein kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and a potent anti-proliferative agent, decreases cyst growth in several genetically distinct rodent models of polycystic kidney disease (PKD).(More)
UNLABELLED Ionotrophic purinergic (P2X) receptors function as receptor-gated cation channels, where agonist binding leads to opening of a nonselective cation pore permeable to both Na(+) and Ca(2+). Based on evidence that extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) stimulates glucose release from liver, these studies evaluate whether P2X receptors are(More)
The P2X family of ligand-gated cation channels is comprised of seven distinct isoforms activated by binding of extracellular purines. Although originally identified in neurons, there is increasing evidence for expression of P2X receptors in epithelia as well. Because ATP is released by both hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, these studies were performed to(More)
Canalicular bile is modified along bile ducts through reabsorptive and secretory processes regulated by nerves, bile salts, and hormones such as secretin. Secretin stimulates ductular cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-dependent Cl- efflux and subsequent biliary HCO3- secretion, possibly via Cl-/HCO3- anion exchange (AE). However,(More)
Proteins expressing postsynaptic density (PSD)-95/Drosophila disk large (Dlg)/zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) (PDZ) domains are commonly involved in moderating receptor, channel, and transporter activities at the plasma membrane in a variety of cell types. At the apical membrane of renal proximal tubules (PT), the type IIa NaP(i) cotransporter (NaP(i)-IIa) binds(More)
This study investigates ischemia-induced degradation of the spectrin-based cytoskeleton in rat brain, heart, and kidney. Spectrin, in conjunction with ankyrin, structurally supports the plasma membrane and sequesters integral membrane proteins. After 60 and 120 min of ischemia, brain tissue displayed both spectrin and ankyrin breakdown. The spectrin(More)
Proliferation of cyst-lining epithelial cells is an integral part of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cyst growth. Cytokines and growth factors within cyst fluids are positioned to induce cyst growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a pleiotropic growth factor present in ADPKD liver cyst fluids (human 1,128 +/- 78, mouse(More)
MDCK and JTC cells were subjected to ATP depletion by treating the cells with 10 microM antimycin A and 10 mM 2-deoxyglucose. As visualized by confocal fluorescence microscopy, E-cadherin and Na+,K(+)-ATPase were rapidly internalized following depletion of the intracellular ATP stores. The time course of internalization was similar to the depolymerization(More)