R. Brangenberg

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The cytokines has been shown to be released shortly after the onset of septic shock and to return to base values some hours later (Hess DG Surg Gynecol Obstet 166:147 1988, Michie HR N Engl J Med 318:1481 1988). Currently, the two main cytokins i.e. 11 -1 and TNF is regarded to play an important role in the acute inflammatory reaction resulting in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish normal left ventricular acoustic quantification (AQ) reference values for children from infancy to adolescence and to compare AQ-derived parameters with traditional M-mode and Doppler indices. We studied 150 normal, healthy children aged 2 days to 14 1/2 years. Left ventricular parasternal end diastolic area and(More)
In preterm infants the activity of antithrombin III (AT-III), the main inhibitor of thrombin, is reduced depending on gestational age and complications such as sepsis or respiratory distress syndrome. Babies with low levels of AT-III have been shown to have a higher mortality and an increased incidence of intracranial hemorrhage. In our study we tried to(More)
In children with various forms of cardiac diseases (aged 2 months to 16 years) significantly higher plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP; range 36-680, median 247 pg/ml) and cyclic 3'5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP; range 0.2-46, median 8.2 pmol/ml) levels were found than in control children (p less than 0.0001). In control children (aged 4 months to 17(More)
Hereditary types of thrombocytopenia are often clinically misdiagnosed as chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenia. The Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a recessively inherited thrombocytopenia and -pathy associated with giant platelets. Bleeding time is usually prolonged, hemorrhage can be severe. In a Turkish thrombocytopenic boy autoimmune thrombocytopenia was(More)
The case of a 6-week-old girl with left coronary artery originating from the pulmonary artery (Bland-White-Garland syndrome) is reported. Therapy consisted of a subclavian-coronary artery anastomosis via left anterolateral thoracotomy extended by transverse sternotomy. This approach allowed both the easy dissection of the left subclavian artery and the use(More)
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