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In uninfected cells the G(2)/M transition is regulated by cyclin kinase complex containing cdc2 and, initially, cyclin A, followed by cyclin B. cdc2 is downregulated through phosphorylation by wee-1 and myt-1 and upregulated by cdc-25C phosphatase. We have examined the accumulation and activities of these proteins in cells infected with wild type and(More)
Earlier reports have shown that herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) mutants induce programmed cell death and that wild-type virus blocks the execution of the cell death program triggered by expression of viral genes, by the Fas and tumor necrosis factor pathways, or by nonspecific stress agents. In particular, an earlier report from this laboratory showed that(More)
Earlier reports have shown that herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) mutants induce programmed cell death and that wild-type HSV blocks the execution of the cell death program triggered by viral gene products, by the effectors of the immune system such as the Fas and tumor necrosis factor pathways, or by nonspecific stress agents such as either osmotic shock(More)
The US9 gene of herpes simplex virus 1 encodes a virion tegument protein with a predicted Mr of 10,000. Earlier studies have shown that the gene is not essential for viral replication in cells in culture. We report that (i) US9 forms in denaturing polyacrylamide gels multiple overlapping bands ranging in Mr from 12,000 to 25,000; (ii) the protein recovered(More)
Many membranous organelles and protein complexes are normally transported anterograde within axons to the presynaptic terminal, and details of the motors, adaptors and cargoes have received significant attention. Much less is known about the transport in neurons of non-membrane bound particles, such as mRNAs and their associated proteins. We propose that(More)
Enveloped viruses of eukaryotes obtain their membrane by budding through a cellular membrane. Therefore, most frequently the lipid composition of the virion envelope reflects that of the membrane where budding took place. In the case of herpes simplex viruses, nucleocapsids assemble in the nucleus and bud through the inner nuclear membrane. The pathway from(More)
Earlier studies have shown that infection of human cells by herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) results in the activation of RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) but that the alpha subunit of eIF-2 is not phosphorylated and that protein synthesis is unaffected. In the absence of the viral gamma(1)34.5 gene, eIF-2alpha is phosphorylated and protein synthesis is(More)
Earlier studies have shown that herpes simplex viruses adsorb to but do not penetrate permissive baby hamster kidney clonal cell lines designated the BJ series and constitutively expressing the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein D (gD). To investigate the mechanism of the restriction, the following steps were done. First, wild-type HSV-1 strain F(More)
In Vero monkey cells and HEp-2 human epidermoid carcinoma cells infected with herpes simplex virus 1 the proteins beta-COP, galactosyltransferase, and alpha-mannosidase II associated with the Golgi apparatus appear to be associated with numerous smaller structures dispersed throughout the cytoplasm. Concomitantly, the intracytoplasmic ligands of lectins(More)
Earlier studies have shown that the thymidine kinase-negative baby hamster kidney (BHKTK-) cell lines expressing constitutively the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein D (gD), designated BJ, restrict infection by HSV-1 at the level of virus entry. U10, a HSV-1 mutant not restricted by the BJ cells, carried the substitution of proline for Leu25 in(More)