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BACKGROUND The authenticity of various prototype human placental extracts with biological activity, such as that inducing vitiligo repigmentation, is under serious criticism, mainly due to a lack of demonstration at the cellular level. Considering the present worldwide scenario with regard to the occurrence and treatment of vitiligo, a thorough scientific(More)
The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor Mitf plays a critical role in regulating many aspects of melanocyte biology. It is required for melanoblast and postnatal melanocyte survival, regulates proliferation, and activates genes associated with differentiation such as tyrosinase and related genes involved in melanogenesis. Identifying the signals(More)
Melanogenesis is one of the characteristic functional activities of melanocyte/melanoma and is regulated via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) pathways. Placental total lipid fraction (PTLF), prepared from a hydroalcoholic extract of fresh term human placenta contains sphingolipids and was recently shown to stimulate(More)
UNLABELLED Intrahepatic metastasis is the primary cause of the high recurrence and poor prognosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, neither its molecular mechanisms nor markers for its prediction before hepatectomy have been identified. We recently revealed up-regulation of erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 3 (ERBB3) in human(More)
Lipids, especially sphingolipids, are emerging as inducer of apoptosis in a wide range of immortal cells, potentiating their therapeutic application in cancer. In the present study, a sphingolipid rich lipid fraction (denoted here as ALL), isolated from an attenuated strain of Leishmania donovani promastigote, was tested for its tumoricidal activity taking(More)
Most hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generated from chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. To discover new markers for early HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, we initiated our search in the interstitial fluid of tumor (TIF) via differential gel electrophoresis and antibody arrays and identified secreted ERBB3 isoforms (sERBB3). The(More)
The interaction of isoxazolcurcumin (IOC), a synthetic derivative of curcumin, with calf thymus-DNA (ct-DNA) has been investigated by UV-Vis, fluorescence, circular dichroism spectroscopies, viscosity measurements and docking studies. From these analyses, the binding constant, number of binding sites and mode of binding of IOC to ct-DNA has been determined.(More)
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the Gram-negative Acidiphilium strain GS18h/ATCC55963, a new soil isolate, exhibited very low endotoxic activity as determined by Limulus gelation activity, lethal toxicity in galactosamine (GalN) sensitised mice, and level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in the blood serum of BALB/c mice. Analysis of the LPS,(More)
In an effort to develop a complete DSRC system for ITS application, the authors have studied a lot of experimental facts which they are exploiting for the design. The wireless technology has been chosen properly which is capable of tackling the severe interferences present in the open road. For road to car communication, a combined digital technology like(More)
Recent advances in the identification and characterisation of stem cell populations has led to substantial interest in understanding the precise triggers that would operate to induce activation of quiescent stem cells. Melanocyte stem cells (MSCs) reside in the bulge region of the hair follicles and are characterised by reduced expression of the(More)