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The transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 4 (Klf4, formerly gut-enriched Krüppel-like factor, GKLF) is specifically expressed in postproliferative epithelial cells such as those of the gut and the epidermis. The importance of Klf4 in terminal differentiation of keratinocytes has been demonstrated by targeted gene ablation in mice. Klf4-deficient mice(More)
Naive pluripotency is manifest in the preimplantation mammalian embryo. Here we determine transcriptome dynamics of mouse development from the eight-cell stage to postimplantation using lineage-specific RNA sequencing. This method combines high sensitivity and reporter-based fate assignment to acquire the full spectrum of gene expression from discrete(More)
During spermiogenesis, histones are replaced by transition proteins, which in turn are replaced by protamines. The TNP1 gene-encoding TP1 (transition protein 1) protein contains a cAMP-responsive element (CRE) that serves as binding site for the CRE modulator (CREM). To gain further insight into the complex regulation of nucleoprotein exchanges in haploid(More)
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is a transcription factor involved in many cellular and developmental processes such as terminal differentiation of cells and carcinogenesis. Mice lacking KLF4 die post-natally due to skin barrier deficiencies and exhibit several additional cellular defects. The adult rodent testis expresses high levels of Klf4 mRNA. Using in(More)
BACKGROUND In order to further distinguish unique from general functions of connexin43, we have generated mice in which the coding region of connexin43 was replaced by that of connexin26. RESULTS Heterozygous mothers showed impaired mammary gland development responsible for decreased lactation and early postnatal death of the pups which could be partially(More)
Octamer-binding protein 4 (OCT4) is a key player in pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells and is essential for the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells. Recently, several reports indicated the spontaneous recovery of pluripotency in cultured adult human testis-derived cells. This was evidenced also by the detection of OCT4 using antibodies. However,(More)
Rhesus monkey embryonic stem (rhES) cells were grown on mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) feeder layers for up to 10 days to form multilayered colonies. Within this period, stem cell colonies differentiated transiently into complex structures with a disc-like morphology. These complex colonies were characterized by morphology, immunohistochemistry, and(More)
Recently, kisspeptin (KP) and gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH), two counteracting neuropeptides, have been acknowledged as significant regulators of reproductive function. KP stimulates reproduction while GnIH inhibits it. These two neuropeptides seem to be pivotal for the modulation of reproductive activity in response to internal and external cues.(More)
Mammalian spermatogenesis is maintained by spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). However, since evidentiary assays and unequivocal markers are still missing in non-human primates (NHPs) and man, the identity of primate SSCs is unknown. In contrast, in mice, germ cell transplantation studies have functionally demonstrated the presence of SSCs. LIN28 is an(More)
The maternal nucleolus is required for proper activation of the embryonic genome (EGA) and early embryonic development. Nucleologenesis is characterized by the transformation of a nucleolar precursor body (NPB) to a mature nucleolus during preimplantation development. However, the function of NPBs and the involved molecular factors are unknown. We uncover a(More)