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Previous cross-sectional MRI studies based on region-of-interest analyses have shown that increased cerebral atrophy is a feature of both Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Relative preservation of the hippocampus and temporal lobe structures in DLB compared to AD has been reported in region-of-interest-based studies. Recently,(More)
The authors determined rates of brain atrophy, as assessed by the boundary shift integral on serial MRI, in patients with dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB, n = 10), AD (n = 9), vascular dementia (VaD, n = 9), and age-matched controls (n = 20). Mean % +/- SD atrophy rates per year were as follows: DLB, 1.4 +/- 1.1; AD, 2.0 +/- 0.9; VaD, 1.9 +/- 1.1; and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To provide further insight into the MRI assessment of age-related white matter changes (ARWMCs) with visual rating scales, 3 raters with different levels of experience tested the interrater agreement and comparability of 3 widely used rating scales in a cross-sectional and follow-up setting. Furthermore, the correlation between visual(More)
OBJECTIVES Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia are associated with an increase in changes in white matter on MRI. The aims were to investigate whether white matter changes also occur in dementia with Lewy bodies and to examine the relation between white matter lesions and the cognitive and non-cognitive features of dementia with Lewy bodies,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare global and regional atrophy on MRI in subjects with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), AD, vascular dementia (VaD), and normal aging. In addition, the relationship between APOE-epsilon4 genotype and volumetric indices was examined. METHOD MRI-based volume measurements of the whole-brain, ventricles, frontal lobe, temporal lobe,(More)
Exposure to elements in groundwater (toxic or beneficial) is commonplace yet, outside of lead and mercury, little research has examined the impact of many commonly occurring environmental exposures on mental abilities during the aging process. Inorganic arsenic is a known neurotoxin that has both neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive consequences. The aim(More)
AIM The current study determines the MRI correlations of the early neuropsychological post-stroke cognitive deficits. METHOD Detailed neuropsychological assessments (attention and working memory) were undertaken in 50 stroke survivors >75 years of age [38 with ageing-associated cognitive decline (AACD)] and 15 age-matched controls. A 1.5-tesla General(More)
We have used a serial MR image analysis technique previously developed for studies of cerebral atrophy in early-onset dementia and applied it to a study of late-onset dementia patients with images acquired using a different scanner and scan sequence. Validation and optimisation tests showed that with only small changes to key analysis parameters the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE "Incidental" MRI white matter (WM) lesions, comprising periventricular lesions (PVLs) and deep subcortical lesions (DSCLs), are common in the aging brain. Direct evidence of ischemia associated with incidental WM lesions (WMLs) has been lacking, and their pathogenesis is unresolved. METHODS A population-based, postmortem cohort(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the validity of a clinical diagnosis of probable or possible dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) made using International Consensus criteria. BACKGROUND Validation studies based on retrospective chart reviews of autopsy-confirmed cases have suggested that diagnostic specificity for DLB is acceptable but case detection rates as low as(More)