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Periodate-oxidized ATP (o-ATP) was prepared as an affinity label of nucleotide binding sites on the chloroform-released ox heart mitochondrial ATPase. In the presence of MgSO4, o-ATP is a substrate for the ATPase. It can act as a reversible, competitive inhibitor of ATPase activity and can also induce an irreversible inhibition of ATPase activity. In(More)
There is a rapid stimulation of the rate of efflux of 3-O-methyl D-glucose from intact lactating rat mammary tissue slices in response to a change in the Na(+)-gradient across the basolateral plasma membrane. RNA extracted from lactating mammary glands contains a 4 kb transcript which hybridises with the cDNA for rabbit intestinal SGLT1. A fraction of the(More)
1. 30mmum-4,5,6,7-Tetrachloro-2-trifluoromethylbenzimidazole (TTFB) uncouples respiratory-chain phosphorylation. The respiration rate of uncoupled mitochondria is significantly greater than the state 3 rate. Neither added orthophosphate nor ATP is required to sustain this rate. The oligomycin- and octylguanidine-induced inhibitions of respiration are(More)
This study describes a simple and rapid method for the preparation of brush-border membrane vesicles from intestinal biopsies. The specific activities of sucrase, amino peptidase N, and alkaline phosphatase in these vesicles were the same as those in vesicles prepared from intestinal segments. The vesicles from all the regions of the small intestine can(More)
We have shown previously that the activity and abundance of the intestinal Na+/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) declines dramatically during the postnatal development of lambs, and that it can be restored in the intestine of ruminant sheep by intra-luminal infusion of D-glucose. The work presented in this paper has followed the expression of the SGLT1 gene(More)
An almost pure form of the bovine heart mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) is released from the membrane by shaking submitochondrial particles with chloroform. Analyses on polyacrylamide gels and by electron microscopy, and also sensitivity to inhibitors, show that the chloroform-released enzyme is similar to other ATPase preparations from(More)
In an investigation of the link between Pi transport and alkaline phosphatase in mammalian small intestine, the characteristics of Pi uptake by brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from rat intestine were compared with the properties of the tissue alkaline phosphatase. The NaCl-dependent Pi uptake had a Km of 0.1 mM at pH 7.5 and was inhibited totally by(More)
1. Brush border membrane vesicles were prepared from lamb enterocytes. These were used to study the changes in the enzyme contents and the transport capacities which occur during the change from a milk to a roughage diet. 2. Na+-dependent transport of D-glucose was present in all regions of the small intestine of pre-ruminant lambs and absent in ruminants.(More)