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The adult mammalian CNS has a limited capacity for nerve regeneration and structural plasticity. The presence of glia-derived inhibitory factors myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) and Nogo-A have been suggested to provide a nonpermissive environment for elongating nerve fibers. In particular, Nogo-A, an integral membrane protein predominantly expressed by(More)
We investigated the influence of synaptically released glutamate on postsynaptic structure by comparing the effects of deafferentation, receptor antagonists and blockers of glutamate release in hippocampal slice cultures. CA1 pyramidal cell spine density and length decreased after transection of Schaffer collaterals and after application of AMPA receptor(More)
Slices of CNS tissue prepared from young rodents can be maintained in culture for many weeks to months. The basic requirements are simple: a stable substratum, culture medium, sufficient oxygenation and incubation at a temperature of about 36 degrees C. Under these conditions, nerve cells continue to differentiate and to develop a tissue organization that(More)
The delayed development of recurring seizures is a common consequence of traumatic head injury; the cause of such epilepsy is unknown. We demonstrate here that transection of the mature axons of CA3 pyramidal cells in hippocampal slice cultures leads to the formation by CA3 pyramidal cells of new axon collaterals that are immunoreactive with the(More)
Transmitter release at most central synapses depends on multiple types of calcium channels. Identification of the channels mediating GABA release in hippocampus is complicated by the heterogeneity of interneurons. Unitary IPSPs were recorded from pairs of inhibitory and pyramidal cells in hippocampal slice cultures. The N-type channel antagonist(More)
Dendritic spines are the site of most excitatory connections in the hippocampus. We have investigated the diffusibility of a membrane-bound green fluorescent protein (mGFP) within the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane using Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching. In dendritic spines the diffusion of mGFP was significantly retarded relative to the(More)
1. Paired recordings from monosynaptically connected CA3 interneurons and pyramidal cells of rat hippocampal slice cultures were used to compare the modulation of GABA release at synapses from distinct interneurons. 2. The group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (2S,2'R,3'R)-2-(2',3'-dicarboxylcyclopropyl) glycine (DCG-IV, 5 muM) reduced(More)
Activity-dependent synaptic plasticity triggered by N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation is a fundamental property of many glutamatergic synapses and may be critical for the shaping and refinement of the structural and functional properties of neuronal circuits during early postnatal development. Using a combined morphological and(More)
After the transection of the Schaffer collateral pathway in hippocampal slice cultures, reactive sprouting is induced in the CA3 area, and eventually synaptic transmission between areas CA1 and CA3 is restored. Using this model, we have studied the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the initiation of axonal sprouting and the regeneration of(More)
All higher life forms critically depend on hormones being rhythmically released by the anterior pituitary. The proper functioning of this master gland is dynamically controlled by a complex set of regulatory mechanisms that ultimately determine the fine tuning of the excitable endocrine cells, all of them heterogeneously distributed throughout the gland.(More)