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A 23-year-old woman experienced six distinct episodes of severe combined neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. At least one of the episodes was accompanied by hemodialysis-requiring acute renal failure and fragmentation hemolysis (hemolytic uremic syndrome [HUS]). In retrospect, all episodes were probably associated with the ingestion of quinine.(More)
The neutrophil-specific antigen NB1 is expressed by neutrophils from 97% of healthy adults. However, membrane expression of this molecule is unique in that it is found on only a subpopulation of neutrophils present in NB1-positive adults. We have investigated the ontogeny of NB1 antigen expression by haematopoietic progenitor cells to determine the stage(More)
Antibodies to the neutrophil-specific antigens NA1 and NA2 are associated with alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN), autoimmune neutropenia of childhood, and acute pulmonary transfusion reactions. These antigens have been found to be located on the neutrophil Fc-gamma receptor III (FcRIII). The mother of a child with ANN was found to lack both NA antigens(More)
We have previously described a 24-year-old woman with quinine-dependent antibodies that reacted with neutrophils, red blood cells (RBCs), platelets, and T lymphocytes. The drug-dependent neutrophil antibody was found to react with 85- and 60-Kd neutrophil membrane molecules. In these studies, we further characterized these molecules and found that both were(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil-specific antigen NB1 is expressed on neutrophil subpopulations in 97 percent of healthy individuals and is located on 56- to 64-kDa glycoprotein. While the molecule carrying NB1 has been identified, the nature of the NB1 epitope has not been well characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Two monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), 1B5 and the(More)
The neutrophil-specific NB antigen system has been serologically characterized with human alloantisera. Two alleles, NB1 and NB2, have been described; however, there may be important quantitative or qualitative variation in the expression of NB1 and NB2. Human alloantibodies have been used to identify the 58- to 64-kDa glycoprotein (GP) on which NB1 antigen(More)
The process of growing and transducing large quantities of human primary peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) with high gene transfer efficiency continues to be one of the major challenges for clinical and experimental gene therapy. Toward developing a clinical trial of lymphocyte gene therapy for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (i.e., Hunter syndrome), we(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy using autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) has been used to produce adenosine deaminase with which to treat patients with severe combined immunodeficiency. Patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) lack iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS), and serial PBL gene therapy may benefit these patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral blood white cells (leukocytes) (PBLs) have been used as effective targets for genetic manipulation by transduction with retroviruses in open systems. A semi-closed hollow-fiber bioreactor was tested for culturing and transducing lymphocytes. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS PBLs were isolated from five healthy donors, and 5 x 10(7) cells(More)
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