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Higher auditory function in a patient was investigated following a right hemisphere infarction between the middle and posterior cerebral artery territories involving the insula. The patient complained of lack of musical appreciation and a battery of tests confirmed a dissociated receptive musical deficit in the presence of normal appreciation of(More)
Human listeners can localize sounds by the difference in both arrival time (phase) and loudness between the two ears. Movement of the sound source modulates these cues, and responses to moving sounds have been detected in animals in primary auditory cortex and in humans in other cortical areas. Here we show that detection of changes in the interaural phase(More)
The syndrome of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an uncommon cause of postural headache. We describe three patients with classical low pressure headache associated with low CSF pressure, one of whom presented with sudden deafness and another with a unilateral VIth nerve palsy. Initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans revealed bilateral(More)
Neurocysticercosis is a major cause of epilepsy and other neurological morbidity in endemic areas of the world but is exceptionally rare in the West. We have recently had experience of eight patients with this condition, seven presenting with epilepsy and single or multiple small, enhancing parenchymal lesions and one with hydrocephalus caused by a midbrain(More)
Brucellosis rarely can present with involvement restricted to the nervous system. We describe a total of 19 cases of neurobrucellosis in whom the clinical presentation lay in three distinct categories. The first was an acute presentation with meningoencephalitis. The disease also presented in a chronic form where the brunt of the illness can either be in(More)
To investigate the role of folate deficiency in neuropathy caused by anticonvulsants, electrophysiological studies of peripheral nerve function were carried out on 29 epileptic patients on long-term anticonvulsant therapy. All but three patients showed abnormalities in one or more electrophysiological measurements, the main abnormality being in amplitude of(More)
Twenty-one patients with myasthenia gravis underwent a course of plasma exchange combined with immunosuppressive therapy. In fifteen there was dramatic clinical improvement which has been maintained for periods up to 19 months. Nine of these patients now take no anticholinesterase drugs. Six patients had a recurrence 3--9 months after the first course but(More)
We describe eight patients from three families presenting with myoclonus, ataxia, infrequent seizures and minimal intellectual impairment. All were Arabs from different parts of the Arabian peninsula. The new consensus on terminology, genetic and clinical definition of Baltic myoclonus, Ramsay Hunt syndrome and Unverricht-Lundborg disease suggests that our(More)
In an attempt to categorize the diverse neurological manifestations of Behçet's syndrome, a group of 10 patients was prospectively studied; the diagnosis of Behçet's syndrome was not known in any of them prior to their neurological presentation. A reasonably clear distinction can be made to divide the manifestations into three general categories with some(More)